Trudeau – Why Ken’s Wrong

Justine Castro” is Ken Wheeler’s new nickname for Canada’s prime minister. Find out why this nickname comes from rumours that are inaccurate as well as logistically and biologically impossible.

Pierre Elliot Trudeau was probably the most charismatic prime minister that Canada ever had. Mind you, he hasn’t had much competition.

Canadians of a certain age vividly remember how he captured the country’s imagination in 1968 – a phenomenon called Trudeaumania. One of the most captivating events of those years was his marriage to Margaret Sinclair.

The couple married secretly on March 4, 1971. They took a one-week honeymoon at the Whistler ski resort and then headed to Ottawa on March 8.

Justin Trudeau Was Born on December 25, 1971

Margaret moved into the official Prime Minister’s Residence at 24 Sussex Drive immediately after the honeymoon. Their first son, Justin Trudeau was born on December 25, 1971 – Christmas Day. This charmed the whole country.

This means that the couple conceived Justin sometime between March 16 and April 22, 1971. Why this matters will become clear in a moment.

Ken Wheeler has been commenting in support of the anti-vaccine protests in Canada recently. During those videos, he has taken to referring to Canada’s prime minister as “Justine Castro.”

Unaware that Trudeau is an Expert Amateur Boxer

Presumably, Kentucky Ken intends this childish feminization of the Prime Minister’s first name to imply that he’s not manly enough. Apparently, he’s unaware that Justin Trudeau is an expert amateur boxer and has a black belt in judo.

Canada’s head of government is also an avid outdoorsman. He’s an experienced canoeist, rock climber, and snowboarder.

Justin Trudeau is also a devoted family man who has fathered three children. He’s been happily married to Sophie Gregroire for seventeen years.

Nothing in His Personal Life Suggests He’s Effeminate

So, one really has to wonder where Ken Wheeler gets the idea that Justin Trudeau is effeminate, warranting the Justine Castro moniker. Certainly, nothing in his personal life suggests that.

Now, let’s talk about the “Castro” part. This appears to be an allusion to the bizarre rumours that Justin Trudeau is the biological son of Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.

The main reason that this urban legend is preposterous is that Justin Trudeau was born in 1971, while his mother met Fidel Castro for the first time in 1976. One might think that this timeline would put this urban legend to rest.

Trudeau’s Mother Met Castro for the First Time in 1976

However, rumours are stubborn things. Conspriacists now maintain that Castro impregnated Margaret Trudeau during the Trudeaus’ Caribbean trip in April, 1971.

The Trudeaus visited Barbados, Tobago, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad. They didn’t visit Cuba, which is where Castro was throughout this period.

So, despite the label Justine Castro, it’s both logistically and biologically impossible for Justin Trudeau to be the illegitimate child of Fidel Castro. Grasping at straws, conspiracists have pointed out that Justin Trudeau doesn’t look like Pierre Trudeau.

Resembles His Mother More Than His Father

The problem with that argument is that Justin Trudeau is the spitting image of his mother. He doesn’t look much like Fidel Castro either.

So, as always, Ken Wheeler is completely misinformed on this point. He may realize that the rumours are baseless, which could be why he only invokes them by using the puerile Justine Castro nickname.

Epic Gullibility – Demonstrably False Notion

It’s equally possible that the Theoria Apophasis host’s epic gullibility has made him fall for yet another demonstrably false notion. In either case, as always, he doesn’t have the first clue what he’s talking about.

One also has to ask how these rumours would be relevant to current events, even if they were true. They’re not.

Ken’s Sources:
CANADA! What the heck! NUTS!
Is Justin Trudeau Fidel Castro’s Love Child?
PM Pierre Trudeau marries Margaret Sinclair

Magic – Why Ken’s Wrong

Ken Wheeler tells us that focusing our attention on icons and talismans magically attracts evil spirits. Find out why science debunks this notion and why it would take a lot more than magic to make it stick.

In his classic work, Man and His Symbols, Carl Jung writes, “Man uses the spoken or written word to express the meaning of what he wants to convey. His language is full of symbols, but also often employs signs or images that are not strictly descriptive.”

Jung defines a symbol as a familiar word, name, or picture that also “possesses specific connotations in addition to its conventional or obvious meaning.” There’s something hidden, vague or unexplained about our symbols.

There are countless abstract concepts that come to our minds, and we use symbols to express them. Symbols are also a convenient shorthand (the fancy word is hermeneutic) that allow us to express an elaborate idea with just a phrase or a picture.

Symbols Are Central to Human Culture

Symbols are central to human culture. They play a crucial role in our progress as a species, and without them we’d probably still be living in the Stone Age.

None of this sits well with Ken Wheeler. He looks upon symbols as “talismans” and “icons,” and views them as part of “the genuine magic of true metaphysics.”

The Angry Photographer clings to an odd double standard. He rejects and ridicules what he calls “woo-woo and whackadoodle nonsense” like crystals, Bigfoot, and unicorns, while promoting his beliefs in ghosts, the ether, dowsing, and other paranormal phenomena as “undeniably true.”

Calls Icon and Talisman Effect “Magic by Any Definition”

According to the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis, icons and talismans can “bend the will of millions of people.” He argues that this supposed effect is “magic by any definition.”

For example, Ken Wheeler believes in Ouija boards. He’s quick to clarify that he doesn’t believe the board or the planchette (pointing device) possess intrinsic magical powers.

Instead, the Angry Photographer argues that the Ouija board is a type of talisman. By providing us with a point of focus, it can evoke evil spirits and wreak havoc.

Says Ouija Boards Invoke Evil Spirits and Wreak Havoc

As evidence, the Theoria Apophasis host tells a story about a house in Missouri in which, according to him, a boy with a Ouija board created a “portal to disembodied beings.” The Angry Photographer says that the house, which he claims inspired the movie The Exorcist, was inundated with evil spirits and remains haunted to this very day.

As always, Ken Wheeler doesn’t have his facts straight. The urban legend to which he’s referring supposedly took place in Cottage City, Maryland, near Washington, D.C., and not in Missouri.

Although the troubled boy spent some time in St. Louis, Missouri, mainly for treatment at St. Louis University, nobody claims anything supernatural took place in the house where he stayed in that city. All the relevant incidents took place in Maryland or at the university.

Homeowners Had No “Encounters with the Supernatural”

As for that Maryland house, a couple purchased it recently for a bargain price due to its reputation among gullible people. Speaking to The Washingtonian, they report absolutely no “encounters with the supernatural,” and they view the story behind their home with humour. It’s not “haunted to this day” as Ken Wheeler insists.

So much for Ouija boards. The Angry Photographer also leads us all the way back to ancient Egypt to try to make his point about iconography.

According to the Theoria Apophasis creator, Egyptian hieroglyphs represent the “metaphysical iconography of the priest class” in that culture. He insists that everyday Egyptians didn’t use the hieroglyphic language.

Insists Everyday Egyptians Didn’t Use Hieroglyphs

Since virtually no one other than professional scribes could write in the ancient world, we’d have to concede that ordinary Egyptians didn’t write with hieroglyphs. Being illiterate, they didn’t write at all.

As always, Ken Wheeler is wrong about Egyptian hieroglyphs. These characters expressed the common language of the Egyptian people.

Some hieroglyphic characters are simple pictures of the object they represent. Others represent sounds, exactly like the letters of our alphabet, and a third type of character clarifies the meaning of the character beside it.

Hieroglyphs Were Written Language of Business in Egypt

Egyptian hieroglyphs were the de facto written language of business in Ancient Egypt. They weren’t some esoteric mystery language depicting talismanic symbols worshipped by religious priests and clerics.

The Angry Photographer seems to have picked up this mistaken belief by reading neoplatonists from the Middle Ages. They were under the mistaken impression that Egyptian hieroglyphs were artistic representations of esoteric ideas, but the discovery of the Rosetta Stone falsified this hypothesis.

The Theoria Apophasis host also points to Nazi iconography as evidence for his notion of metaphysical magic. In particular, he mentions that the swastika is a “Buddhist standard for the solar absolute.”

Nothing Specifically Buddhist About a Swastika

There’s nothing specifically Buddhist about a swastika. The symbol is more than 7,000 years old, and has turned up in the ruins of Troy and in prehistoric Germany.

The same symbol can mean completely different things in different cultural contexts. The swastika is now the ultimate symbol of evil in the modern western world, while Asians still consider it a symbol of good luck. They proudly display it at Diwali, their Festival of Light, for example.

The word “swastika” comes from the Sanskrit “svastika,” which means “well-being.” Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, and Odinists all use this symbol throughout Eurasia. One wonders why Ken Wheeler wants to pin a swastika on the Buddhists, although he bitterly disagrees with them about Buddhist souls.

Claims Swastika is Another Form of Talisman

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis claims that the swastika is another form of talisman. He believes that the swastika became a “point of focus” for Germans in the 1930s, causing the Second World War and the Holocaust. All because people thought a bent cross looked intriguing?

Ken Wheeler takes this simplistic explanation for World War II even further. He makes the death-defying leap of logic that “all wars are spiritual wars.”

Social scientists tell us that wars take place because every nation has a basic need for security, and there is no global institution to ensure it for them. This need for national security manifests itself in many ways.

Causes of War Have Nothing to Do With Spirits or Talismans

Manifestations can include territorial and economic gain, sectarianism, nationalism, revenge, revolution, and pre-emptive war, among others. None of these causes of war have anything to do with spirits, symbols, icons, or talismans. They stem from conflicting national security interests.

Ken Wheeler also believes in water witching or dowsing. That’s the practice of using a forked stick or a pair of L-shaped wires to decide where to dig a well.

In most places where agriculture is practical, there are aquifers underneath virtually any piece of ground you choose. Scientific studies show that dowsers fare no better than random chance at finding these groundwater sources.

Claims Dowsing Rods Magically Help Us Find Water Deposits

The Angry Photographer maintains that, although dowsing rods themselves contain no magic, they’re yet another kind of talisman. Water witchers use them as a point of focus, magically enabling them to sense subsurface water deposits.

This “magic” offers no advantage over simply guessing. So, the simplest explanation that covers all the facts is there’s no magic involved in the dowsing process, just blind luck.

The Theoria Apophasis host even goes so far as to claim that Christian iconography is subject to the same magical effect. He cites 2 Corinthians 4:4, and Colossians 1:15 as proof.

As Always, Ken Wheeler is Misinterpreting Scripture

As always, Ken Wheeler is misinterpreting scripture. These two passages simply refer to Jesus as the image of God. Paul and other early Christians shunned magicians and followed the Second Commandment’s prohibition against creating graven images, such as talismans.

Yet, there’s something even more peculiar about the Angry Photographer’s aversion to talismans. He goes on to single out corporate trademarks as examples of icons, suggesting that they too attract evil spirits.

He asserts, incorrectly, that sewing machine manufacturer the Singer Company went bankrupt at some point and that a Chinese company spent a fortune to buy their iconic brand. The truth is that the Singer Company Limited remains an American-owned, going concern based just outside Nashville in La Vergne, Tennessee.

Calls Corporate Trademarks Evil, Has Nikon Tattoo

Kentucky Ken’s aversion to corporate trademarks is odd given that he has a Nikon logo tattoo. Has this iconic trademark overpowered him, causing his hostile and irrational reviews of photography gear?

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, (DSM-5) provides a more likely explanation. DSM-5 defines “magical thinking” as “The erroneous belief that one’s thoughts, words, or actions will cause or prevent a specific outcome in some way that defies commonly understood laws of cause and effect.”

Psychiatrists tell us that magical thinking is a common feature of delusions, including those resulting from “Delusional Disorder, Grandiose Type.” As noted under Who’s Ken Wheeler?, this diagnosis “applies when the central theme of the delusion is the conviction of having some great (but unrecognized) talent or insight or having made some important discovery.”

DSM-5 Provides Psychiatric Explanation of Magical Thinking

Believing that one has gifted insight into how icons and talismans connect us with the spirit world seems consistent with this guideline. The fact that delusions of grandeur often have a form of religious content seems like a clincher.

There’s nothing magical or diabolical about our use of symbols. They’re simply the way we express meaning to one another.

Focusing on a Symbol Doesn’t Attract Evil Spirits

Focusing on a symbol doesn’t attract evil spirits or lead us down the wrong path. Without our symbols, our civilization would collapse.

It’s going to take a lot more than magic for Ken Wheeler to make any of these unsubstantiated claims stick.

Ken’s Evidence

Metaphysics of Ikons and Talismans
Honey, We Bought the Exorcist House!
Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs
Dowsing: The Pseudoscience of Water Witching
The Origin of the Swastika
Singer Company Limited
Magical Thinking: Causes Functions and Examples

Ghosts – Why Ken’s Wrong

“Disembodied spirits” are part of Ken Wheeler’s metaphysical mythology on the immortal soul. Find out why his efforts to convince viewers to believe in spooks don’t have a ghost of a chance.

People have believed in ghosts since time immemorial. Intuitively, we all seem to feel as if we have a dual nature.

We clearly have a physical body, but we sense that the part of us that thinks and perceives is separate from that. As a result, we’re inclined to speculate that we have a spirit, or soul.

Philosophers call this view “dualism.” Most of us have the impression that we are, as the band The Police and Arthur Koestler put it, “ghosts in the machine,” or “spirits in the material world.”

“Ghosts in the Machine” or “Spirits in the Material World”

It’s not an enormous leap of logic to assume that our spirits could roam the earth without our bodies. Why couldn’t a spirit decide to remain on Earth after we die instead of moving on to the Great Beyond?

There are two problems with this view about hauntings. First, most ghost stories entail ghosts doing physically impossible things, and second, as scientific paranormal investigator Benjamin Radford explains, whenever scientists apply the scientific method to look for ghosts, they never find any facts or evidence to confirm reported apparitions.

Unsurprisingly, Ken Wheeler vehemently disputes this view. He not only insists that ghosts must exist, but claims to have seen a ghost and to have felt the chilling effect of specters multiple times.

Claims to Have Seen a Ghost and Felt Its Chilling Effect

The Angry Photographer bases these extraordinary claims largely on the fact that we all have dreams. According to him, since we can see, hear and feel things in our dreams, that proves that our soul can create its own body at will.

As we all know, all of our sensory perceptions take place in our brains. So, it stands to reason that an unconscious brain can produce apparent physical sensations when we dream without creating some sort of ethereal body in which to roam about.

The Theoria Apophasis host gets around these kinds of objections by appealing to metaphysics. He dodges any need to provide a realistic explanation for what he prefers to call “disembodied beings” by declaring that metaphysical entities are by nature not demonstrable.

Says Metaphysical Entities Are Not Demonstrable by Nature

Ken Wheeler also rationalizes his belief in disembodied beings based on an old saw, his “not perfect but nearly perfect” radio analogy. We also debunk the radio analogy in two other ways under Buddhist Souls – Why Ken’s Wrong and Metaphysics – Why Ken’s Wrong.

Here, we’ll examine this radio analogy from another point of view. According to the Angry Photographer, the consubstantial union of our body and soul corresponds to a radio broadcast being the combined result of the signal and the receiver.

He seems to have appropriated the term “consubstantial” from Christian theology. The word comes from the Greek word homoousios, which applies only to Christ and not to everyday people or their ghosts.

“Consubstantial” Applies Only to Christ, Not Everyday People

Leaving that aside, the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis points out that the radio signal carries on even if the radio breaks down. He infers from this that our soul carries on after we die.

The difficulty with this analogy in this context is that without a receiver, the signal is imperceptible to us. There’s no way for us to perceive the broadcast without our receiver.

So, by analogy, since we can’t perceive immaterial, metaphysical things, there’s no way for us to experience a disembodied spirit. By Ken Wheeler’s own logic, they’re not physically demonstrable.

Points to Ghost-Hunting Technology as Undeniable Proof

Ken Wheeler points to the now highly accessible ghost-hunting technology we see on TV as further evidence for the existence of his disembodied spirits. He concedes that some of the people using this equipment are hoaxers, but maintains that, overall, the technology provides undeniable proof that ghosts exist.

Scientists tell us that these results only prove that ghost-hunting technology sometimes captures unexpected noise, images, or signals. Invariably, there are simpler explanations that cover all the facts surrounding these so-called “traces” than disembodied spirits.

The Angry Photographer’s reference to dreams doesn’t miss the mark entirely. There is a connection between the experience of perceiving a ghost and dreaming.

Condition Called Sleep Paralysis Causes Halucinations

There’s a fairly common medical condition called “sleep paralysis.” It happens when our brains mishandle how we fall asleep or wake up.

When we have our most vivid dreams, our bodies become paralyzed to keep us from sleepwalking or kicking our mates. Some of us wake up while we’re still paralyzed.

When this happens, it feels like”dreaming with your eyes open,” neuroscientist Baland Jalal told Science News. This accounts for most cases of hallucinations, including perceiving disembodied spirits.

We Can Have Hallucinations for Other Reasons

As David Smailes et al found in a 2019 study, we can also have hallucinations for other reasons, even without doing drugs. Maybe you’ve felt your phone vibrating when it wasn’t, or heard someone call your name when there was nobody there.

Strictly speaking, these minor misperceptions are also mild forms of hallucinations. We all have them, and we’re all vulnerable to more elaborate figments of the imagination.

Our first instinct when we hallucinate is to trust our senses. So, we tend to impose explanations like ghost stories onto our misperceptions rather than realizing that we’re imagining things.

Intelligent People Are Less Likely to Believe in Ghosts

Andrews and Tyson found in a 2019 study that the more intelligent we are, the less likely we are to believe in paranormal phenomena like ghosts. For example, university students with high grades are less likely to believe in ghosts than their peers. Readers can draw their own conclusions from this data.

Ken Wheeler’s fascination with ghosts stems from his ongoing preoccupation with the reality of his own death. As Tolstoy wrote, “a person who is afraid of death is one who has not lived his life properly and has broken the law of life.”

Being able to perceive ghosts comforts the Angry Photographer because it proves that we have an immortal soul. That comforting belief enables him to reassure himself that he’s not really going to die. As he’s fond of saying, “what makes you think that you are that which dies?”

Says Ghosts Reside in “Dielectric Realm of Counter Space”

To that end, the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis incorporates his pseudoscientific claims into his explanation for disembodied spirits. He explains that ghosts reside in the “dielectric realm of counter space.”

Counter space is a Ken Wheeler jargon phrase. It’s not a scientific or metaphysical term, and it originated with an esoteric fringe philosopher named Rudolf Steiner before essentially dying out due to lack of evidence.

In the mind of the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis, counter space is loosely commingled with the ether. As we explain under Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong, back in 1887, the Michelson Morley experiment proved conclusively that the ether doesn’t exist, which means that neither does counter space as the YouTuber Planarwalk has demonstrated.

Claims Disembodied Spirits Have a “Counter Spacial Anode”

Despite this, Ken Wheeler asserts that his disembodied spirits generate ethereal bodies consisting of a “counter spatial anode” due to “torsional induction.” He seems to have cooked up this conjecture from the fact that the lead acid batteries in his solar arrays have two electrodes – an anode and a cathode.

When the current flows, as the anode warms, so the cathode cools. The Angry Photographer leaves the logical steps between this observation and ghosts giving him the chills to our imaginations. This is another reminder that, as Albert Einstein put it, “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t understand it.”

Amusingly, the Theoria Apophasis creator ridicules ghost chasers who say poltergeists drain their gear’s batteries. Apparently, disembodied spirits have their own circuitry and can’t draw current from nearby devices. If only he recognized the gaping holes in his own odd claims.

Can’t Explain How His Odd Claims Differ from Superstition

It’s also hilarious that Kentucky Ken mocks belief in crystals, Bigfoot, and unicorns. He refuses to be called “occult”or “new age,” yet he can’t explain how his odd, paranormal, lunatic fringe notions make more sense than other superstitions.

Ken Wheeler is entitled to believe anything he likes about his supposed “disembodied spirits.” Yet, that doesn’t give him a license to concoct occult nonsense to rationalize his spectral suppositions.

The Angry Photographer should stick to his story that we can’t prove metaphysical claims with facts. His pseudoscientific bafflegab doesn’t have a ghost of a chance of convincing anybody.

Ken’s Evidence

The Metaphysics of Disembodied Beings
The Science of Ghosts
The Science (and Non-Science) of Ghosts
Metaphysics – Why Ken’s Wrong
Buddhist Souls – Why Ken’s Wrong
Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong
Counterspace Word Salad

Electricity – Why Ken’s Wrong

Electricity has been a challenge for scientists to explain and harness for millennia. Find out how none of that deters Ken Wheeler from inventing his own, completely inaccurate misconception of how electrical charge and current work.

Science defines electricity as a series of physical phenomena related to electric charge and how that charge affects matter. People have experienced electricity from time immemorial.

The ancient Egyptians often came across electric fish in the Nile. People have known that rubbing cat fur and amber together causes static cling since the dawn of civilization.

In fact, the word “electricity” comes from the Greek word ἤλεκτρον or elektron, which means amber. Of course, when most of us think of the word “electron,” we’re thinking of the elementary particle with the same name.

Electric Charge Comes from Subatomic Particles

Electric charge comes from subatomic particles like the electron and the proton. Scientists call the electron charge “negative” and the proton charge “positive,” although that’s just a convention. The important thing is that they’re opposites.

Physicists call the movement of electric charge through matter “electric current.” Current usually consists of electrons, but sometimes it can be a flow of other charged particles.

Electrons can flow through some substances called conductors like copper or gold. They can’t flow through other substances called insulators, like glass. Substances like silicon fall in between conducting and insulating, and we call them semiconductors.

Ken Wheeler Doesn’t Believe Electrons Exist

Ken Wheeler doesn’t like any of these ideas one bit. The reason he gives is that they involve belief in electrons, which he claims don’t exist.

The Angry Photographer insists that electricity is “the ether in a state of dynamic polarization.” According to him, “the motions and strains of the ether give rise to electrification.”

In his document entitled Fields the creator of Theoria Apophasis tells us that “The two components of the electric field are the magnetic & the dielectric. Electricity is a compound cyclic field modality composed of both components of the primordial conjugate fields.”

Electric Charge Produces Electric Fields, Not Polarized Ether

The truth is that electric charge produces electric fields. As we’ve seen, charge is either positive or negative.

When electric charge flows through matter, we call that an electric current. Electric current consists of moving electrons or other charged particles, and it also generates a magnetic field around the conductor.

As explained under Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong, back in 1887, Michelson and Morley found that the ether doesn’t exist. Something that isn’t there can’t become polarized.

“Field Modality of Dielectricity and Magnetism”

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis also claims that electricity is “the consubstantial field modality of dielectricity and magnetism.” By “field modality,” he’s referring to his own idiosyncratic definition of a “field” as an “ether perturbation modality.”

Since the ether doesn’t exist, there’s no way for it to undergo a disturbance or perturbation. By “modality” Ken Wheeler means various forms of the same phenomenon, like ice, water and steam but again, something that doesn’t exist also can’t have modalities.

There’s no question that the electricity we depend on comes from the negatively charged, elementary particles we call electrons. J.J. Thomson discovered electrons in the same year as Michelson and Morley’s experiment. He was studying cathode rays – the rays that drive old-school TV picture tubes, for example.

Thompson Discovered Electrons Had Both Charge and Mass

Thomson found that these rays weren’t waves, atoms, or molecules. Instead, they were unique particles, that he called electrons, with both a charge and a mass. This discovery won him the Nobel Prize.

Scientists have confirmed Thomson’s discovery in many ways over the century that’s passed since then. Niels Bohr explained how electrons reside within atoms in 1913, and in 1916, Gilbert Newton Lewis explained how chemical bonds result from atoms sharing electrons.

In 2008, scientists at the Lund University Faculty of Engineering in Sweden captured an electron on film for the first time, as shown in the featured image above. The electron was riding on a light wave after having been pulled away from an atom, confirming the photoelectric effect discovered by Einstein in 1905, for which he too won the Nobel Prize.

Likens Charge Carrying Particles to a “Clown Car”

Ken Wheeler dismisses the concept of a charge carrying particle out of hand. He likens it to a “clown car” because, in his mind, it’s absurd to think of a particle carrying a charge the way a vehicle carries a payload.

As always, the Angry Photographer is wrong. Scientists don’t say that electrons “carry” a charge unless they are speaking loosely.

An electron’s negative charge is an inherent property. Electrons don’t carry cargo the way the Theoria Apophasis host hauls his hoard of gadgets to his cabin. Electrons are negatively charged by definition.

Tries to Refute Electrons Due to Wireless Power Induction

Ken Wheeler tries to refute the existence of electrons by pointing to wireless power induction. This technology has become commonplace for charging electric toothbrushes, smartphones, and watches, as well as for electric stoves.

Wireless power induction takes advantage of electric fields and the fact that a positive plate attracts electrons. Engineers create wireless power induction using coils of wire to generate a magnetic field.

The transmitter, or charger, uses the flow of electrons from an external power source like a wall socket. It combines its electrical field with the magnetic field, producing what scientists call an electromagnetic field.

Magnetic and Electromagnetic Fields Consist of Electrons

All three types of field consist of electrons. The electromagnetic field pushes on other electrons inside the receiving device. The receiving device channels the flow of electrons to an electrical load, such as a battery charger inside it.

So, wireless power induction proves the existence of electrons rather than refuting it. When confronted on this point, the Angry Photographer insists that scientists still can’t explain how wireless power induction works in a vacuum.

If induction couldn’t work in a vaccum, old-fashioned vacuum tubes wouldn’t work, and nobody would have invented any electronic devices. Electrons flow through a vacuum inside the tube from a cathode to a positively charged electrical plate.

Electrons Can Freely Travel Through Vacuums

It’s a proven scientific fact that electrons can freely flow through vacuums as part of electromagnetic fields. Electrical engineers apply this principle every day.

The creator of Theoria Apophasis also appeals to AC power generators to argue that electrons don’t exist. He insists that it’s impossible to “convert water flow into power,” and that “there’s no direct conversion from water, or wind, or hydroelectric, into power.”

As always, Ken Wheeler is wrong. By definition, “an electrical generator converts motive power, such as a river flow, into electrical power for use in an external circuit.”

Electric Generators Convert Motive Power into Electricity

Power stations use a rotating turbine to force a powerful electromagnet in its rotor core to turn on its axis. The rotation drives the the poles of the magnet past stationary, closed loops of conductive wire.

This relative movement between a circuit and the poles of a magnetic field create an alternating electromagnetic field. The electromagnetic field pushes on the electrons in the wire loops, just like in the wireless power induction described above. The wire loops connect to an electrical load, which causes the electrons to flow and, voila, we have an alternating electric current.

So, the Angry Photographer’s objections notwithstanding, electrical generators do indeed convert water flow, or other mechanical energy like wind or steam, via a turbine into electric power. They accomplish this using the negatively charged particles we call electrons, without which the process would be impossible and we’d all be freezing in the dark.

Nothing to Do with Science or Engineering

There’s a reason Ken Wheeler refuses to accept that electric current is the flow of electrons through a conductive material. Unfortunately, it has nothing to do with science or engineering.

The Angry Photographer has latched onto the distinction between two metaphysical schools of thought in the ancient world. He views this distinction through a black and white, good versus evil lens.

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis sides with Plato, who was an idealist, against Epicurus, who was a materialist. By sheer coincidence, Plato believed in the ether while Epicurus believed in atoms.

Sides with Platonists Because They Believed in Afterlife

Kentucky Ken is on Team Plato because Plato believed in the afterlife and Epicurus didn’t. His fear of death drives him to demonize any philosophy that denies the existence of an immortal human soul. By Ken Wheeler’s logic, atomists like Epicurus disagreed with Plato, therefore atomists were irredeemably evil and couldn’t be right about anything.

None of this remotely relates to modern science. No competent physicist or electrical engineer denies the existence of electrons in favour of the long discredited notion of the ether.

It’s beyond ironic that, despite his obsession with electronic gadgets and generating his own power off the electrical grid, Ken Wheeler is completely in the dark about the fundamentals of electricity. There’s not a particle of truth to any of his peculiar notions about electric charge and current.

Ken’s Evidence

Electricity and Electrons Explained Logically
Definitions of Nature and Its Phenomena with a Primer on Cosmology and Ontology
Lectures on Electromagnetic Theory
A Brief History of the Development of Classical Electrodynamics
Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong
Solar Panels – Why Ken’s Wrong
Magnetism – Why Ken’s Wrong

Solar Panels – Why Ken’s Wrong

Solar panels are a topic on which Ken Wheeler declares himself to be a connoisseur. Find out why he’s obsessed with solar energy for all the wrong reasons and why his advice would be disastrous for any household naive enough to follow it.

Interest in solar panels is booming these days. A growing number of people are concerned about their carbon footprint, and are considering using solar panels to replace some or all of their electrical consumption from power grids.

Ken Wheeler is oddly fascinated by solar panels. He claims to own fifteen of them, and many of his videos involve tinkering with photovoltaic cells and related electrical gadgets.

Solar panels are the product of Einstein’s discovery of the photoelectric effect. He demonstrated that certain metals emit electricity when light shines on them because light is composed of quantum particles called photons.

Solar Panels Come from Einstein’s Photoelectric Effect

When these photons strike the atoms in these “photovoltaic” metals, the interaction causes electrons to escape. The ingenuity behind solar energy technology involves finding ways to capture these freed electrons and use them to power electrical devices.

We accomplish this using solar panels, which use silicon and other materials known as semiconductors. Scientists call them this because they fall somewhere in between an insulator and highly conductive metals like copper.

Solar panels consist of photovoltaic cells made from semiconductors. The photoelectric effect causes the electrons to flow through the photovoltaic cells to metal contacts made of conductive material.

Electrons Flow Through Photovoltaic Cells

These metal contacts make up the gridlines we can see in a solar panel. They convey the electric current, allowing users to extract energy from the photovoltaic cells and harness it to power appliances.

The Angry Photographer has declared himself a “connoisseur of solar panels.” This is bizarre and ironic for a range of reasons.

The most obvious irony about the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis’ obsession with solar technology is that he denies the existence of both photons and electrons. He insists that Einstein was mistaken about the photoelectric effect, and he calls the Quantum Mechanics behind solar power a “made-up, woo-woo word.”

Calls Quantum Behind Solar “Made-Up Woo-Woo Word”

It must be difficult for Ken Wheeler to endure this cognitive dissonance. He seems infatuated with generating free electricity from the sun, yet he vehemently denies the process by which technology achieves this.

For Ken Wheeler, light and electricity are both ether perturbation modalities. We explain how the Michelson Morley Experiment proves the ether doesn’t exist under Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong.

However, there’s another bizarre aspect of the Angry Photographer’s fascination with collecting free energy from the sun. It’s his attitude toward the climate crisis that’s driving the global green energy boom.

Doesn’t Accept Climate Crisis Is Real and Caused by Humans

The Theoria Apophasis host is a climate denier. He doesn’t accept that climate science has shown that global warming is happening, caused by humans, and a crisis.

Ken Wheeler couldn’t care less about his carbon footprint, because he doesn’t view carbon emissions as a problem. So, once again we have to wonder what his motivation is in embracing renewable energy.

One impulse is the Angry Photographer’s innate tendency to hoard gadgets, including cameras, lenses, light meters, magnets, microphones, Geiger counters, ham radios, water filters, water barrels, knives, firearms, ammunition, sewing machines and other items he doesn’t need. At one point, he was able to purchase a parcel of land with a cabin on it by selling off only half of the gadgets gathering dust around his house.

Solar Cells Fuel Obsession with Impending Disaster

Ken Wheeler’s other rationale for tinkering with solar panels is his obsession with impending disaster. He tells his viewers that he’s been predicting the coming apocryphal collapse of modern civilization for the past twenty years.

We can set aside the fact that two decades have passed without any of the Angry Photographer’s prophecies of doom materializing. In this post, we can just point out that his fascination with solar panels stems from his belief that they’ll enable him to survive off the grid in his post-apocalyptic fantasy world.

The Theoria Apophasis host has made it clear in a number of YouTube videos that he plans to install solar panels at his home and especially at his cabin as part of a disaster preparedness plan. Presumably, he can’t imagine functioning without being surrounded by his cherished digital gadgets.

Uses YouTube Platform to Spread Misinformation

There are a lot of hoarders around the world, and most of them are relatively harmless to others. The difference with Ken Wheeler is that he uses his YouTube platform to spread misinformation about how to apply solar energy in residential settings.

For example, the Angry Photographer recently posted a video in which he endorsed a 3,000 watt power inverter connected to a charge controller and lead acid batteries. This rig was intended to harness the power from the solar array he plans to install at his cabin.

He tells his viewers that he “plans to” use this setup to provide “all the power I need, including a high efficiency refrigerator and a small freezer.” Experts recommend that a typical homeowner plan on using at least 7,500 watts (10,000 watts is more realistic) when planning for their solar energy needs.

Experts Tell Homeowners to Plan for 7,500-10,000 Watts

Yet, the Theoria Apophasis creator implies to his viewers that he’ll be able to function during his anticipated boogaloo on just 3,000 watts of power. He may manage to keep his camera, laptop and cell phone sufficiently charged to carry on posting YouTube videos (assuming YouTube still exists).

He’s not going to be able to power a household using the limited capacity of the solar rig he endorses, and his lead acid batteries won’t be able to store it adequately. Interestingly, he touted his setup in a video prior to having installed and tested it.

It’s worth noting that Kentucky Ken already has a way to supply electricity to his remote, off-the-grid cabin. He keeps a high capacity, gasoline-powered, portable electric generator there, because of course he does.

Gadget Hoarding and Delusions of Impending Disaster

Ken Wheeler’s attraction to green energy would be commendable if it was for the right reasons. Instead, it seems to be motivated by his propensities for gadget hoarding and his delusions of impending disaster.

The Angry Photographer misleads his viewers about the scientific principles on which solar panels work. He also leaves them with an unrealistic impression of the wattage required to power a simple household. As always, he’s just plain wrong.

“Truth Is Like the Sun. It Ain’t Going Away”

There are many much more reliable sources for learning about solar panels on YouTube and on the Internet generally than Theoria Apophasis. Elvis once said, “Truth is like the sun. You can shut it out for a time, but it ain’t going away.” 

Ken Wheeler can make all the “plans” he likes while ignoring the laws of physics. They won’t ignore him. Time will tell.

Ken’s Evidence

Best Home Station Power Inverter
Solar Photovoltaic Technology Basics
How Many Watts Does It Take to Run a Household
Survivalism – Why Ken’s Wrong
Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong
Photography – Why Ken’s Wrong

Golden Ratio – Why Ken’s Wrong

The Golden Ratio is a quirky number about which mathematicians have noticed all kinds of fun facts. Find out why Ken Wheeler takes these random anomalies to extremes to defend his unfounded, bizarre convictions about metaphysics.

Ever since the days of Pythagorus, philosophers and mathematicians have been fascinated by a number called the Golden Ratio, or phi (φ). It plays a role in the dimensions of the regular pentagon, the so-called Golden Rectangle, and some patterns we see in nature like leaf spirals.

Phi (φ) is a ratio with an irrational number and a Greek letter, somewhat like pi (π) and its value is 1.61803…. Whereas π is the ratio between a circle’s circumference and its diameter, φ is a bit trickier to explain. Imagine a line divided into two unequal segments.

The Golden Ratio, φ, is the number where the relationship between the the longer segment and the shorter segment is the same as the relationship between the overall length of the line and the longer segment. Here’s a diagram to clarify.

Only Ratio that Meets These Conditions is Phi (φ)

Or, in terms of algebra, a+b/a = a/b = φ by definition. The ratio that meets these conditions is φ, or 1.618033…

Ken Wheeler has stumbled across φ’s properties in a 4th century book attributed to Iamblicus and translated by Robin Waterfield entitled The Theology of Arithmetic. Without crediting Waterfield, Wheeler decrees that “Phi is the ratio and relationship of the Monad to its increasingly phenomenal self-image in emanation.”

Translating that jargon into English, the Angry Photographer claims that φ is the “divine proportionality” connecting his sacred One with our everyday lives. Waterfield translated this notion from ancient followers of Pythagorus, although today we view these beliefs as naive superstitions.

φ Does Have Some Cool Properties

Admittedly, φ does have some cool properties. For example, Φ2 = 2.618…, which is exactly φ+1. Another fun fact about φ is that 1/ φ = 0.618…, or exactly φ-1.

The superstitious fascination with φ is easier to grasp if we use exponents. Looked at in that way,

Φ-1 = 1/Φ = φ-1
Φ= 1
Φ= Φ
Φ= Φ+1

Anomalous Relationship between φ and 1 Feels Meaningful

This anomalous relationship between φ and 1 feels meaningful and even mystical to many people, especially those who are into concepts like monism, the worship of the number one. Pythagorus, Euclid, and presocratic Ancient Greek mathematicians were aware of the Golden Ratio, but their conclusions about it vary widely.

That doesn’t prevent Ken Wheeler from jumping to his own conclusions. He’s fond of saying that “1 is to φ as φ is to 1.” He then asserts without evidence that there’s a kind of φ hierarchy that goes:
Φ-3 Primordial Agnosis
Φ-2 Psyche/Tou/Pantos
Φ-1 Eidos/Matter/Mimesis
Φ Being
Φ2 Nous/Unity/Indefinite Dyad
Φ3. Totality/Excess/Pan/Pentagram

Although the Angry Photographer claims to have derived this sequence from “the Pythagoreans”, we’ll see below that the historical Pythagorus’ system is quite different and much simpler.

Arithmetic Anomaly Called the Fibonacci Sequence

This fascination with Φ isn’t the Theoria Apophasis producer’s only foray into numerological sophistry. For example, he often expounds on another interesting arithmetic anomaly called the Fibonacci sequence.

The mathematician Fibonacci came up with a numerical sequence where we add two whole numbers together and then the next two and so on. So, for example, starting at the beginning: 0+1=1, 1+1=2, 1+2=3 and 2+3=5…. So, ignoring zero, the first five numbers of the Fibonacci Sequence are 1,1,2,3,5… etc. Ken Wheeler views this interesting mathematical quirk as both ancient and mystical.

According to the Angry Photographer, the first two ones correspond to classical notions of principle and attribute. The 2 and the 3 represent matter and magnitude, while 5 represents ontos or “being.”

No Evidence Pythagorus or Euclid Knew Fibonacci Sequence

The trouble is that Fibonacci first published his observation in 1202 CE. Pythagorus, whom Ken Wheeler claims revered the Fibonacci Sequence, died in 495 BCE, while Euclid died in 270 BCE.

There’s no evidence that Pythagorus or Euclid had ever heard of the Fibonacci Sequence. There’s certainly no proof that the founders of western geometry thought it was important metaphysically.

Even so, there’s another spooky bit of woo we can discuss. If you take each number in the Fibonacci sequence, multiply it by φ and round it off, you get the next number in the sequence.

Pattern Not Due to Any Metaphysical Properties of φ

For example, 3φ ≈ 5, 5φ ≈ 8, etc… Spookier still, the further along we go in the Fibonacci sequence, the closer the ratios get to φ. For example, when we get up to 610φ ≈ 987, the ratio closes to 1.6180327868852, or 99.9% of φ.

Spooky or not, this pattern isn’t due to any supernatural properties of φ. In basic mathematics, any quadratic equation with variables and coefficients like this follows a similar pattern, whether or not it contains the ratio φ.

Later scholars have disproven almost all of the numerology derived from the Golden Ratio as superstition. The Fibonacci sequence and φ are intriguing anomalies, but they don’t mean anything important.

Claims to Have Deduced a Mystical Formula of His Own

Despite all this, Ken Wheeler has mysteriously deduced a mathematical expression of his own that involves the Golden Ratio. His mystical formula is 1/Φ-3

Readers may be forgiven if they haven’t worked with negative exponents since high school and find this expression confusing. That’s what the Angry Photographer is counting on.

The more mathematically inclined will realize that the Angry Photographer’s formula is convoluted and needs to be simplified. 1/Φ-3 is simply Φ3, or 1.618033. x 1.618033 x 1.618033 = 4.23606…another insignificant irrational number.

Claims to Have Derived His Formula from Plato’s Republic

Ken Wheeler claims to have derived his formula from a passage in Plato’s Republic. In the dialog, Socrates and his friend Glaucon are discussing a line divided into unequal segments. However, it’s one of Socrates’ obscure analogies, and they’re talking about the difference between opinion and knowledge, not geometry or metaphysics.

Nevertheless, the Angry Photographer somehow infers that Socrates is asking him to divide the sections a second time based on the Golden Ratio, creating four line segments. From these segments, he arbitrarily creates the sequence Φ, 1, 1, 1/Φ so that if we add these four numbers together, we get 1.618…+ 1 + 1 + 0.618 = 4.236…, his supposedly mystical Φ3, which he again disguises as 1/Φ-3.

The host of Theoria Apophasis goes on to explain “But 1/Φ-3 is not a mere number, rather the expression of the One against itself and manifestation in the most perfect and divine Logos; the proportions of perfection itself as recognized by the immortals. This secret of incommensurability is the deepest arcana of the ancients! Worldly minds cannot penetrate this importance, but wise minds can.”

Irony of Ken Wheeler Denouncing “Occult Nonsense”

Don’t try to make sense of the previous paragraph, it’s another example of Ken Wheeler’s infamous word salad. When he says that “worldly minds” can’t grasp the significance of his point, he’s really saying that he can’t prove his claim.

However, that isn’t the end of the Angry Photographer’s bizarre approach to arithmetic. He goes on to apply his notions to geometry as well.

In his Pythagorus, Plato and the Golden Ratio, the Angry Photographer puts his fascination with φ to work in a kind of autodidact trigonometry. Most of us think of right angled triangles as Pythagorean, but the Theoria Apophasis creator mistakenly refers to an isosceles triangle with angles of 108˚, 36˚, and 36˚ as a Pythagorean triangle.

Mistakenly Calls Isosceles Triangle Pythagorean Triangle

He writes, “There is only one coherent geometric form which encompasses the four sectors of the Divided line analogy of φ, 1, 1, 1/φ, and that is the Pythagorean triangle below. This is the very same proportional representation for Plato’s cave where the φ Beings below are proportional (logos) to the Nous above and the Monad on high. As seen in the figure, the vertical encompasses the visible realm, and the periphery the noetic.”

If the verbal explanation above seems impenetrable, no doubt the diagram he mentions will clarify everything.

Diagram Depicts Triangle With Sides 1, 1 and φ

Then again, maybe not. What we have here is a triangle with proportions 1, 1 and φ. Ken Wheeler has marked the height as 1/φ or 0.618033… which would be freaky if true because his φ, 1, 1, 1/φ sequence from the divided line repeats itself out of nowhere.

However, applying the genuine Pythagorean Theorem of h2 = a2 + b2 or a ruler, we find the height of a triangle with these dimensions equals 0.588, and not the 0.618 (1/φ) the Angry Photographer needs to complete his mystical progression. Once again, he’s fudging the figures to fit his pet theories.

Also, the Theoria Apophasis creator is wrong when he claims “There is only one coherent geometric form which encompasses the four sectors of the Divided line analogy of φ, 1, 1, 1/φ,” Any isosceles triangle has the same characteristics. Here’s one example.

Wrongly Says “Only One Geometric Form” with φ, 1, 1, 1/φ

It’s a different isosceles triangle ABC with two sides of length 1 and a base of length X. The angles are 72˚, 72˚ and 36˚.

If we bisect angle A, we get another line segment AD of length X. Eerily, the isosceles triangle ACD has exactly the same proportions as triangle ABC. The magic of φ strikes again!

Now, we can get even spookier. The ratio of AB to BD is φ, and so is the ratio of BD to CD. Now, AB = 1, BC = 1, and X = 1/φ, = φ -1. So, this triangle has an equal claim to follow Ken Wheeler’s “mystical sequence” φ, 1, 1, 1/φ.

We Can Derive Angry Photographer’s Triangle from This One

We can go from spookier to spookiest by pointing out that AD creates another triangle ABD, which turns out to be the Angry Photographer’s earlier so-called “Pythagorean Triangle” with angles 36˚, 36˚ and 108˚ turned on its side. Not only is there more than “only one coherent geometric form” with these properties, but we can derive the Theoria Apophasis host’s triangle from the others. Mind you, none of this has any practical or symbolic significance whatsoever.

Ken Wheeler goes on to claim that his obscure triangle is the basis for something called the Pythagorean Tetractys. It’s not. Although the Pythagorean Tetractys is often depicted as a triangle, its proportions don’t involve the number φ. 

The Pythagorean Tetractys is simply the sequence 1+2+3+4 = 10. Scholars sometimes drew it like this.

Pythagorean Tectractys is the Sequence 1+2+3+4=10

Each row of dots represents one number in the sequence (1,2,3, 4) and if you count all the dots, there are ten. This, and not Ken Wheeler’s diagram, is a Pythagorean Tetractys.

Since we’re on the topic, Pythagorus used each level in the Tectractys to represent a realm of being. One, the monad, represents the unity or the good.

Two, the dyad, is the realm of the gods, while three, the triad, is the level of the eternal ideas, like Plato’s ideals. Four, the tetrad, is our everyday world. None of this relates to the Angry Photographer’s interpretation of the Tetractys or his hierarchy of the exponential values of φ shown above.

Wrongly Claims Pentagram is “Triangle in Triplicate”

Ken Wheeler’s bizarre notions then leap to yet another level. He claims, wrongly, that a Pythagorean pentagram consists of his “primary triangle composed in triplicate.” It doesn’t.

To draw a pentagram, we begin with an upside down, regular pentagon (one that has five equal sides and five equal angles).

Then we attach five identical triangles, one to each side of the pentagon.

Five Triangles and They’re Not the Same Shape

As readers can see, the five triangles are not the same obtuse isoceles shape as the Angry Photographer’s “coherent geometric form.” They’re acute isoceles triangles, like the second triangle (ABC) above.

If you have the patience to look at a pentagram long enough, you’ll begin to notice that the original forms also combine into larger, obtuse triangles. However, after some study, we can find five obtuse triangles, not the “triplicate” claimed by the Theoria Apophasis host.

Artists Incorporate Golden Ratio in Pentagrams

It’s true that artists incorporate the Golden Ratio into their drawings of the pentagram. Again, it’s hard to describe how they do that with words, so here’s another colour-coded diagram.

The coloured line segments incorporate the Golden Ratio like this:

Red/Green = Green/Blue = Blue/Magenta = φ

Nothing to Do with So-Called “Pythagorean Tetractys”

This is how artists throughout history have applied the Golden Ratio to the pentagram. It has nothing to do with Kentucky Ken’s so-called “Pythagorean Tetractys.”

How do any of the Theoria Apophasis creator’s notions unlock the mysteries of the Universe? Your guess is as good as anyone’s. All of this kind of “sacred geometry” usually falls within the “occult nonsense” Ken Wheeler condemns at his corner book shop.

Although the Angry Photographer is a glaring example, we’re all subject to the same kind of selective perception. If we could objectively examine every one of our beliefs, we’d all find some inconsistencies.

Dismisses “Occult Nonsense” Yet Endorses Numerology

While we denounce some beliefs as foolish superstitions, we may still cling to other, equally naive notions. In the case of the Theoria Apophasis producer, he dismisses such pseudoscience as crystal healing, astrology and the flat earth movement.

Yet, in the same breath, the Angry Photographer will defend his beliefs in such “occult nonsense” as ghosts, demons, UFOs, and, in this case, numerology. The double standard by which he reaches his verdicts on supernatural dogma stems from his fanatical devotion to the discredited notion of perennialism.

In a sense, the Angry Photographer is a victim of an all too common human foible. Even so, he’s so arrogant and fanatical that’s it’s all but impossible to care.

Ken’s Evidence
Pythagorus, Plato, and the Golden Ratio
The Theology of Arithmetic
Misconceptions About the Golden Ratio
What is the Fibonacci Sequence?
The Golden Ratio
Mathematics of Phi: The Golden Number
Metaphysics – Why Ken’s Wrong
Magnetism – Why Ken’s Wrong

Simplicity – Why Ken’s Wrong

Simplicity is almost an object of worship for Ken Wheeler. Find out why his insistence that “Mother Nature is a hippy chick” confuses simplicity with being simplistic.

Simplicity plays a surprisingly significant role in the philosophy of science. As a rule, if we have to choose between two explanations for a phenomenon, scholars agree that the simplest explanation that covers all the facts is the better one.

This is a time-honoured principle dating back at least to Aristotle and probably even earlier. Aristotle famously said, “We may assume the superiority ceteris paribus of the demonstration which derives from fewer postulates or hypotheses.”

Probably the most famous proponent of this dictum was William of Ockham. He argued that, “Entities are not to be multiplied without necessity.” We call this precept Occam’s Razor because it reminds us to cut out any redundant ideas when we work to explain an observation.

“Nature is Pleased with Simplicity” – Newton

More modern philosophers concurred. Isaac Newton believed that, “Nature is pleased with simplicity, and affects not the pomp of superfluous causes.” In general, the simplest explanation is the preferred answer to questions about natural law.

Kentucky Ken pushes hard for this concept. As he puts it, “Mother Nature is a hippy chick with dreadlocks, hairy armpits, a hemp skirt, and muddy feet.”

Borrowing ideas from the ancient philosopher Plotinus and the perennialists, the Angry Photographer subscribes to the principle of oneness, the view that everything in the universe is ultimately a single entity. There may be many emanations from the One, but in essence, they are all mere modalities of one unified cosmos.

Most Philosophers Have Rejected Oneness

Most philosophers have rejected the idea of oneness over the centuries. Aristotle was a pluralist rather then a monist about his famous categories, denying that there is any higher category or unity beyond things like substance, quantity and quality. 

Or, as Bertrand Russell put it, “I share the common-sense belief that there are many separate things; I do not regard the apparent multiplicity of the world as consisting merely in phases and unreal divisions of a single indivisible Reality.”

Russell’s Cambridge colleague G.E. Moore explained that oneness, “is inconsistent with something that appears to be an evident datum of experience, namely, that there is a plurality of things. We shall assume that a plurality of material things exists.”

Right About Simplicity For the Wrong Reasons

So, as on other subjects, the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis is right about the simplicity principle, but for the wrong reasons. We should prefer the simplest explanation that covers all the facts, but that isn’t a license to adopt a simplistic, melting-pot worldview of arbitrary unity.

Ken Wheeler’s insistence on oneness leads him to assume without evidence that there is only one force of nature. According to him, gravity, electromagnetism, the strong nuclear force, and the weak nuclear force are all merely modalities of one essential entity – the ether. The YouTuber Planarwalk debunks his ether claims here.

As readers will have realized, this argument contains an ironic paradox. To reconcile what scientists have shown are four distinct forces into one, the Angry Photographer is forced to resort to arguing for the existence of the ether – a disproven, superfluous entity, while demanding simplicity.

Resorts to Superfluous Entity While Demanding Simplicity

As we’ve explained in detail under Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong, Michelson and Morley found that the luminiferous ether does not exist in 1887. This has been confirmed dozens of times up to the present day by other scientists using more sophisticated instruments and methods.

So, in the name of simplicity, the creator of Theoria Apophasis insists on adding a disproven concept to established scientific models that already provide full explanations of natural forces. How does this align with his infatuation with his simple-minded hippy chick?

One might expect this self-declared virtuoso of facts, logic and wisdom to be at least somewhat troubled by this blatant, fundamental contradiction in his metaphysics. If he is, he never lets on.

“His Mind is Made Up, Don’t Confuse Him with Facts”

On one level, we have to admire Ken Wheeler. It takes hubris to argue for the existence of a disproven and unnecessary entity in the name of simplicity. As the old saying goes, “His mind is made up, don’t confuse him with facts.”

Philosopher Alan Baker explains how Einstein correctly applied the simplicity principle to address Michelson and Morley’s findings. “Einstein’s development of Special Relativity—and its impact on the hypothesis of the existence of the electromagnetic ether—is one of the episodes most often cited (by both philosophers and scientists) as an example of Occam’s Razor in action.

The ether is by hypothesis a fixed medium and reference frame for the propagation of light (and other electromagnetic waves). The Special Theory of Relativity includes the radical postulate that the speed of a light ray through a vacuum is constant relative to an observer no matter what the state of motion of the observer. Given this assumption, the notion of a universal reference frame is incoherent. Hence Special Relativity implies that the ether does not exist.”

“Special Relativity Implies the Ether Does Not Exist”

If the Angry Photographer genuinely valued simple and elegant explanations for natural phenomena, he’d eagerly accept that there’s no such thing as the ether. Like Einstein, he’d take that reality into account and seek explanations that didn’t reify a falsified concept to account for phenomena.

The Theoria Apophasis producer expresses a particular disdain for Einstein. He rejects the Theory of Relativity, not to mention Quantum Mechanics, as unduly complex, counterintuitive and illogical.

Unlike Ken Wheeler, Einstein properly embraced the principle of simplicity. As he put it, “The grand aim of all science is to cover the greatest possible number of empirical facts by logical deductions from the smallest possible number of hypotheses or axioms.”

Evades Equations “Mother Nature Doesn’t Use a Calculator”

The genius of Einstein was to explain space, time, matter and gravity in just ten equations. The Angry Photographer dismisses Einstein as a “woolly-haired crackpot” while evading questions about Einstein’s Field Equations with the phrase “Mother Nature doesn’t use a calculator.”

It appears that the Theoria Apophasis creator is reluctant to critique the Field Equations because he doesn’t understand them. Even so, he feels qualified to dismiss them out of hand as “ludicrous.”

Refutes His Own Argument by Adding Superfluous Concepts

The Angry Photographer refutes his own argument by adding superfluous concepts such as the ether, the dielectric and counter space to established scientific models. He does this solely to rationalize his obsession with oneness, which he has derived from motivated reasoning rather than his cherished facts, logic and wisdom.

Ken Wheeler hasn’t learned to distinguish between simplicity and being simplistic. Only a simpleton could peddle such convoluted notions as explanations for the world around us while spouting “simplicity is divinity.” And yet, he persists.

Ken’s Evidence
Mother Nature’s Primer – Simplicity is Divinity
Metaphysics – Why Ken’s Wrong
Magnetism – Why Ken’s Wrong
Gravity – Why Ken’s Wrong

Gravity – Why Ken’s Wrong

Gravity affects us at every moment, yet we find it hard to explain. Find out why Ken Wheeler’s explanation of gravity contradicts empirical evidence and relies on imaginary, disproven concepts like the ether.

Like light, gravity is one of those phenomena Einstein had in mind when he said, “A fish is the last thing to discover water.” We’re subject to gravity every moment of our lives and our minds and bodies are attuned to the way gravity works. Yet it’s remarkably hard to define and understand.

Aristotle claimed that heavy objects fall faster than light objects. As with all of the classical natural philosophers, it never occurred to him to confirm his idea by dropping two objects.

Galileo did that, and he showed that all objects fall at the same rate regardless of mass. Isaac Newton was the classic case of the genius “seeing what everyone else has seen, and thinking what no one else has thought.”

We Can Still Use Newton’s Theory of Gravity

Seeing an apple fall from a tree inspired Newton to think about why things fall down toward the Earth. That thought process led to a model of gravity that we can still use to this day for most kinds of motion.

Newton’s law of gravity wasn’t perfect, though. For example, it didn’t describe Mercury’s orbit around the Sun accurately.

Einstein’s theory of General Relativity published in 1915 provided a more precise explanation. His field equations showed that matter curves the fabric of space itself, causing what we experience as gravity.

Einstein Showed Matter Curves Fabric of Space

General Relativity also has its limits. Physicists can’t reconcile General Relativity’s model with the principles of Quantum Mechanics. They’re working on that, but with mixed results so far.

The goal now is to develop a quantum theory of gravity as a step toward a Theory of Everything that reconciles the four forces of nature – electromagnetism, gravity, the strong nuclear force and the weak nuclear force.

Along comes Ken Wheeler to boldly decree that gravity is not a force. The Angry Photographer doesn’t deny that “the phenomenon exists.” By that, he concedes that even he isn’t dishonest and arrogant enough to argue that if you drop a stone, it doesn’t fall downward to the ground.

Needs to Fall Back on His Old Friend the Ether

He’s even willing to admit that Einstein was correct in saying that gravity is equivalent to acceleration. However, as with waves, the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis insists that “acceleration isn’t what something is, but what something does.”

Newton explained gravity as mutual acceleration of two masses toward one another based on their relative mass. According to Ken Wheeler, Newton, who’s been called the most intelligent person who ever lived, was misguided in his understanding of gravity.

The Angry Photographer has an eccentric notion of the nature of matter. For reasons that will become clear below, the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis needs to fall back on his old friend the ether to preserve his cherished worldview. The YouTuber Planarwalk debunks his views on the ether here.

“Matter Is High-Energy Light Inducing Current In the Ether”

Ken Wheeler claims that, “All matter, be it simplex or compounded, is ultra high-energy light and as such ultra high-energy dielectric dynamos that necessitatively induce current in the ether.”

He’s wrong, of course. Light consists of photons, which have both wavelike and particle-like properties. Matter consists of atoms, which contain protons, neutrons, and electrons. Light is not matter and vice versa.

Ken Wheeler claims that all fields are disturbances in the ether, like waves in a pond. However, he differentiates gravity from light and magnetism, insisting that “gravity is not an autonomous field modality” and also not “point source mutual mass acceleration.”

“Mutual Mass Acceleration Toward Counterspace”

In his document entitled Fields, the Angry Photographer defines gravity as “mutual mass acceleration toward counterspace. So-called gravity is non-discharging dielectric centripetal torsion dissipation (=toroidal rarefaction, i.e. magnetism).”

The Angry Photographer explains elsewhere that, “A field by definition is an ether perturbation modality; the dielectric being the ether under stress & torsion, the magnetic being the dielectric under the state of loss of energy/inertia to the medium (or field) system.”

As explained in detail under Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong, science has shown that there is no such thing as the ether. Michelson and Morley disproved its existence in 1887. Scientists have confirmed their findings as recently as 2015 using improved instruments and methods.

” Lowest Pressure Mediation of the Ether”

The Theoria Apophasis creator is fully aware of this and yet he persists. According to him, gravity is “mutual mass acceleration toward the lowest pressure mediation of the ether torsion between the two objects.”

Torsion refers to motion where one or more forces twist one end of something while its other end is fixed. You can’t twist a substance that’s not there. Beyond that, the Angry Photographer fails to explain what force causes this twisting action to begin with.

The Angry Photographer elaborates, saying that, “Matter as such being ultra high-energy light mutually accelerates towards the lowest null pressure in counter space.”

Impenetrable and Unnecessary Jargon

This is another example of Ken Wheeler’s impenetrable and unnecessary jargon. So let’s break down the core phrase, “mutually accelerates towards the lowest null pressure point in counter space.”

Everyone can agree that gravity is mutual mass acceleration, but the Angry Photographer goes off the rails when he mentions “the lowest null pressure point.” As with torsion, logically, something that doesn’t exist also can’t vary in pressure.

Inspired by his hero Tesla, the producer of Theoria Apophasis also denies Einstein’s model in which the Universe curves according to the mass it contains. He insists that since space has no properties, there’s nothing to bend.

“Illogical Absurdity Birthed by Atomists and Relativists”

Ken Wheeler further expounds, “This illogical absurdity was birthed by Atomists & Relativists as a necessary resultant to create a new medium after the dismissal of the Natural-Order of the only actual medium of Nature, that being the ether.” Regardless of who “birthed” the idea or what their motives may have been, astronomers have proven the curvature of space empirically many times.

The first was in 1919, when the Astronomer Royal, Frank Dyson, dispatched a team that verified Einstein’s finding that matter curves space. Taking advantage of a total solar eclipse, they measured the light paths of background stars, confirming that starlight follows the space curvature caused by the Sun’s mass.

The most recent confirmation of space curvature came when NASA launched its Gravity Probe B in 2004. In 2011, researchers at Stanford University analyzed the satellite’s data and verified that Earth’s mass warps the space around it, causing gravity.

Empirical Evidence of Matter Curving Fabric of Space

So, space curves. Conceivably, one could debate the causes of that curvature, but the empirical evidence of matter curving the fabric of space is well established.

Ken Wheeler accuses modern science of concept reification. By that, he means that Einstein and other physicists confuse abstract concepts like space, time, matter and energy for phenomena that are “really real.”

Yet, the Angry Photographer fails to take into account that his own terms like ether, torsion, pressure, and counter space are also concepts. The difference is that conventional scientists derive their concepts from experiments while the Theoria Apophasis creator merely makes them up as he goes along.

Black Holes Are Fascinating Examples of Gravity at Work

Astronomy’s black holes are some of the most fascinating examples of gravity at work. They’re a region in the fabric of spacetime where gravity is so strong that nothing, including the photons that make up light, can escape.

Black holes form when extremely massive stars collapse at the end of their life cycles. These enormous stars get so dense when they die that their gravity contorts spacetime to the point where they create a black hole.

Black holes can then expand by absorbing more stars or merging with other black holes. Most galaxies, including ours, have a supermassive black hole at their centre.

Has to Concoct His Own Explanation for Black Holes

Since all of this contradicts Ken Wheeler’s worldview, he’s had to concoct his own explanation for the black hole phenomenon. He defines a black hole as, “Ultra-high energy super-mass with no magnitude.”

He goes on to claim that, “Dielectric acceleration has overthrown magnetism’s ability to keep this super-mass in the mass-visible universe…A black hole in simple, is an Aether-torsion ‘faucet’ emitting enormous amounts of hydrogen, or ultra-high energy light.”

As always, all of this is nonsense. Magnetism has nothing to do with an object’s mass. There’s no such thing as the ether, and hydrogen isn’t some kind of light, nor does it form from light.

If All You Have Is the Ether, Everything Looks Like a Magnet

Kentucky Ken is fond of saying that “If all you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail.” In his own case, all he seems to have is the ether, so to him everything looks like a magnet.

Gravity is a fundamental concept in science, and it’s important that the public understands it correctly. Ken Wheeler’s bizarre notions are false and unfounded. It would be disastrous if his 250,000 followers on YouTube were to believe his fantasies about the ether and his perverse worldview in which matter becomes light and gravity becomes magnetism.

Ken’s Evidence
Gravity Is Not a Force
Newton’s Theory of Gravity
Einsteins’ Theory of Gravitation
NASA Gravity B Probe
Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong
Magnetism – Why Ken’s Wrong
Metaphysics – Why Ken’s Wrong

Nikola Tesla – Why Ken’s Wrong

Nikola Tesla is someone to whose authority Ken Wheeler constantly appeals. Find out how the inventor of alternating current became just as erratic and eccentric as the Angry Photographer in later life and was no longer a credible source.

There’s no denying that Nikola Tesla was a genius. Although he’s somewhat less well known than Thomas Edison, for whom he once worked, Tesla’s contribution to electrical engineering was at least as important.

Ken Wheeler seems to have enormous respect and admiration for Tesla as a physicist and inventor. When he quotes Tesla in his videos, he intones like a clergyman about to quote from the most hallowed of scriptures.

The Angry Photographer’s respect doesn’t always extend to acknowledging Tesla for ideas for which Ken Wheeler enjoys taking credit. Even so, the creator behind Theoria Apophasis often appeals to Tesla’s authority when pushing odd notions that deviate from the expert consensus of mainstream science.

Greatest Contribution Was Inventing Alternating Current

Tesla’s greatest contribution to our modern lives was inventing alternating current (AC) in 1891. Any time we plug any device into a wall socket or flip a light switch, we should spare a thought for Tesla.

Unlike the direct current (DC) we get from battery power, AC power changes direction roughly 60 times per second. This provides a steadier supply of electricity that doesn’t overpower electrical outlets. We have Tesla’s AC power to thank for the massive power grids on which our modern society depends.

Nikola Tesla also invented the AC induction motor and licensed it to Westinghouse. It became the basis of Westinghouse’s polyphase power distribution system, and the deal made Tesla extremely wealthy for a time.

Did His Best Work as a Young Man

Unfortunately, like many geniuses, Tesla did his best work when he was a young man. In later life, he became increasingly erratic, and his ideas wandered off into fringe areas of pseudoscience and “woo.”

Tesla’s downfall began when he built an enormous structure on Long Island called the Wardenclyffe Tower. He intended to use Wardenclyffe to outpace Marconi’s ability to transmit transatlantic radio signals and even to distribute wireless electrical power.

The operation dragged on, and investors lost faith in the project, with some even calling it a hoax. Wardenclyffe ground to a halt in 1905. Tesla’s royalty money ran out and he suffered a mental breakdown.

Suffered a Mental Breakdown

The mortgage holder foreclosed on the property in 1915. Having seized the property, he decided to demolish the tower nobody wanted to buy. He did this using explosives to mark the Fourth of July in 1917.

From then on, the bankrupt Tesla started checking into one hotel after another. He’d leave an unpaid bill behind every time he changed locations.

Despite his intellectual brilliance, Tesla became set in his ways. He refused to believe several groundbreaking discoveries from the early 20th century. This left the formerly celebrated scientist lost and left behind in the modern world he had helped to create.

Denied that Protons, Neutrons and Electrons Could Exist

When Ken Wheeler cites Tesla, it’s invariably to ideas that Tesla espoused during those later, oddball years. For example, like the Angry Photographer, Tesla refused to accept that subatomic particles like protons, neutrons and electrons could exist.

Also like the Theoria Apophasis creator, the mercurial, older Tesla was particularly hostile toward Albert Einstein. Ironically, Einstein gained renown in what historians call his “Miracle Year. “

He earned his PhD, showed how Brownian Motion works in atoms, explained the photoelectric effect, published Special Relativity, and proved that E=Mc2, all in 1905. That was the year in which Tesla suffered his breakdown.

“A Long-Haired Crank, Einstein by Name”

Tesla composed a poem about Einstein that went like this:

“Too bad, Sir Isaac, they dimmed your renown,
And turned your great science upside down.
Now a long-haired crank, Einstein by name,
Puts on your high teaching all the blame.
Says: matter and force are transmutable,
And wrong the laws you thought immutable.”

Ken Wheeler delights in mentioning that “long-haired crank” description of Einstein at every opportunity. Tesla was very fastidious about his appearance, but he’d become a much bigger crank than Einstein at this point.

The Angry Photographer also never misses a chance to quote Tesla’s description of the Theory of Relativity as “a beggar wrapped in purple whom ignorant people take for a king.” Michelson and Morley had discovered that the ether didn’t exist, and Heinrich Hertz had proven that electromagnetic waves propagate in a vacuum.

“Beggar Wrapped in Purple Whom People Take for a King”

Yet Tesla continued to stubbornly insist that Hertz had found “nothing else but effects of longitudinal waves in a gaseous medium, that is to say, waves, propagated by alternate compression and expansion. He had observed waves in the ether much of the nature of sound waves in the air.”

The Theoria Apophasis creator often cites this quote, but conspicuously leaves out the word “gaseous.” Tesla argued that space is not a vacuum, but instead “all space is filled with a gaseous substance.”

Tesla even believed that sound would be able to travel through the ether in outer space, and much faster. Of course, we now know that space is a virtual vacuum, containing no such gas and that, “in space, no one can hear you scream.” Much to the chagrin of both Tesla and Ken Wheeler, there’s no such thing as the ether. We explain this in detail under Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong, and the YouTuber Planarwalk debunks Ken Wheeler’s ether claims here.

“All Space Is Filled with a Gaseous Substance”

The aging inventor also stubbornly denied Einstein’s realization that the speed of light is fixed in all frames of reference, while “time is suspect.” Ken Wheeler often points to this in support of his own claims that light doesn’t travel at a fixed speed, but rather is merely a wave in the ether.

Tesla insisted that he had measured cosmic rays travelling fifty times faster than the speed of light as far back as 1896. He didn’t, of course; that would have been impossible.

In 1915, Einstein published his theory of General Relativity. His field equations showed that the presence of matter warps the fabric of space itself, causing gravity.

General Relativity – Matter Warps the Fabric of Space Itself

A team led by Frank Dyson, the Astronomer Royal, confirmed this during the total solar eclipse of 1919. With the midday sun blocked, the teams could measure the sun’s gravity warping the path of the light from background stars.

Tesla firmly rejected the idea that space could curve. He said, “I hold that space cannot be curved, for the simple reason that it can have no properties. Of properties we can only speak when dealing with matter filling the space.

“To say that in the presence of large bodies space becomes curved is equivalent to stating that something can act upon nothing. I, for one, refuse to subscribe to such a view.”

NASA’s Gravity Probe B Confirmed General Relativity in 2011

In 2004, NASA launched Gravity Probe B to test Einstein’s theories with greater accuracy. Researchers from Stanford University analyzed data from the satellite in 2011. They verified yet again that General Relativity accurately predicts the curvature of space due to the presence of matter.

Despite this, Ken Wheeler continues to deny that matter curves space. He’s also very fond of repeating Tesla’s odd distinction without a difference between properties and attributes, even though the two words are synonyms.

The increasingly mad scientist even denied Einstein’s foundational equation E=mc2. Tesla denied the equation’s implication that nuclear forces could release enormous amounts of energy.

Tesla Denied Einstein’s Foundational Equation E=mc2

He said, “as to atomic energy, my experimental observations have shown that the process of disintegration is not accompanied by a liberation of such energy as might be expected from the present theories.” In a later interview, he claimed “I shattered atoms again and again. But no appreciable energy was released.”

On his 75th birthday, Tesla claimed to be on the verge of releasing a theory that would supersede Einstein’s entire body of work. He told Time Magazine he had developed “An explanation based upon pure mathematics of certain things which Professor Einstein has also attempted to explain.

“My conclusions in certain respects differ from and to that extent tend to disprove the Einstein Theory. My explanations of natural phenomena are not so involved as his. They are simpler, and when I am ready to make a full announcement it will be seen that I have proved my conclusions.”

Mother Nature Under No Obligation to Seem Simple

Like Tesla, Ken Wheeler often appeals to simplicity to justify his pseudoscience. Of course, Mother Nature is under no obligation to seem simple or logical to Ken Wheeler or even to Nikola Tesla.

Tesla’s “conclusions” were never released and nothing in Tesla’s personal papers remotely resembled what he promised Time Magazine. The claim seems to have been nothing more than a publicity stunt.

Ken Wheeler subscribes to another bizarre pseudoscientific concept called “scalar field theory.” It’s a set of quack ideas propagated by a modern day charlatan named Thomas E. Bearden.

Quack Ideas Progagated by Charlation Thomas E. Bearden

In his document entitled Fields, the Angry Photographer defines the term “scalar” as “Trans-luminal sub-matter. Measured in volts per-seconds. No transverse component, longitudinal torsion-energy. Powerful and destructive energy-dissipation force-captivation of the Aether.”

This notion of scalar energy has its roots in some of the peculiar notions Tesla came up with in his late seventies. He claimed to have harnessed a new form of energy not derived from conventional electromagnetic waves.

Believers in scalar fields claim that their energy source differs from conventional electromagnetic waves. Their enormous power allegedly derives from the fact that they have no transverse waves and no net directionality, which focuses the field’s intensity. If that sounds like word salad to you, you’re absolutely right.

Supposedly Unleashes Unimaginable Amounts of Power

This scalar energy supposedly unleashes unimaginable amounts of power. Tesla claimed, “My apparatus projects particles which may be relatively large or of microscopic dimensions, enabling us to convey to a small area at a great distance trillions of times more energy than is possible with rays of any kind, Many thousands of horsepower can thus be transmitted by a stream thinner than a hair, so that nothing can resist”

This all-powerful death ray never materialized, and it isn’t mentioned in Tesla’s papers either. Despite this, conspiracy theorists, including Ken Wheeler, claim that the Russians stole the technology at some point.

Rumour mongers assert that Tesla’s sketchy invention was the basis for the notorious Russian weather ray. Attackers also allegedly used scalar energy to shoot down the space shuttle Columbia, or so the story goes.

Tesla Came to a Humilating and Tragic End

Nikola Tesla eventually came to a humiliating and tragic end, dying alone and deeply in debt in one of those unpaid hotel rooms. A chamber maid discovered his remains days later. Westinghouse covered his bill. On a brighter note, more than 2,000 people attended his funeral.

Summing up, Ken Wheeler is wrong to appeal to Tesla’s “authority” to support his dubious notions about science. The Angry Photographer regularly shouts at his critics, “Do you think you’re smarter than Nikola Tesla? Well, you’re not!”

We don’t have to be smarter than Nikola Tesla to understand his misconceptions and mental decline. We just have to have been born later.

An Ironic Role Model for Ken Wheeler

The aging Tesla is an ironic role model for Kentucky Ken. In later life, Nikola Tesla was behind the times, stubborn, opinionated, egotistical, arrogant, and ultimately dead wrong.

The only difference between the two men is that Tesla made a revolutionary contribution to society in his youth, while Ken Wheeler has no accomplishments to which he can point.

Sad but true.

Ken’s Evidence:
NIKOLA TESLA on the secret of LIGHT & what it is. The ETHER
The Rise and Fall of Nikola Tesla and His Tower
Tesla versus Einstein
Magnetism – Why Ken’s Wrong
Light – Why Ken’s Wrong
Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong

Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong

Field Theory underpins all of Ken Wheeler’s odd claims about magnetism, electricity, light and metaphysics. Find out how his delusions about fields negate every claim he makes and why he’s no expert in this or any other field.

Electromagnetic fields surround us all the time. Although they vary in size and shape, they pervade the entire Universe.

Anyone who’s ever used a compass has benefitted from an electromagnetic field. Light bulbs are another everyday example.

Whenever we screw in a light bulb, it creates an electrical field. When we switch on the light, the flow of electrons in the current creates a magnetic field. The combination produces a local electromagnetic field

Scientists Have No Problem Defining a Field

One accusation that Ken Wheeler hurls at legitimate scientists is that “they can’t even define what a field is.” Although he says this in virtually every video he posts, he never seems to base this criticism of scientists specializing in field theory on any facts or evidence.

The truth is that scientists have no problem defining a field. Here’s the standard definition that field theory uses, “A region of space in which a given effect (such as magnetism) exists, e.g. a magnetic field, a gravitational field”

That seems remarkably clear. For example, if you have a magnet, a magnetometer can detect a region surrounding the magnet affected by magnetism. That’s a magnetic field.

Types of Field – Magnetic, Gravitational, Electric, Radiation

Field theory addresses four main types of field: magnetic, electric, gravitational and radiation. These correspond to the forces of nature: electromagnetism, gravity, the strong nuclear force and the weak nuclear force.

So, a field is a defined space influenced by a force of nature. Ken Wheeler is simply wrong when he claims that field theory can’t define a field. He has lifted this false claim from the discredited electricity theorist Eric Dollard, although he rarely cites him. Ironically, when the Theoria Apophasis host met Dollard, Dollard rebuffed him.

Scientists routinely confront the Angry Photographer with their clearly stated definition of a field. His retort is to claim that this definition may describe a field, but it doesn’t explain what a field is.

Wheeler Defines Field as an “Ether Perturbation Modality”

When pressed to “explain” what a field is himself, the Angry Photographer calls it an “ether perturbation modality.” The YouTuber Planarwalk provides a critique of that notion here. Ether perturbation modality is one of Ken Wheeler’s trademark jargon phrases, so let’s break it down, starting with the long, but unscientific heritage of the term “ether.”

Metaphysical speculation about the ether has a long history. It dates back at least to the time of Plato.

Plato imagined the ether as the shining realm of the gods “which God used in the delineation of the Universe.” Aristotle thought of the ether as a fifth element along with fire, water, earth and air.

Ether Was an Element Like Fire, Water, Earth and Air

He went on to say that the ether had none of the qualities of the other elements. It wasn’t hot, wet, dry or cold. It was unchanging, moved in circles, and had no contrary motion.

When Christiaan Huygens discovered that light had wavelike properties in 1678, that seemed to confirm the ether’s existence. Scientists were only familiar with mechanical waves at that time, so they assumed that light waves needed a medium in which to propagate, the way surf needs water and sound needs air.

They called this concept the luminiferous ether. It grew even more popular in the 19th century as scientists studied the wavelike nature of electromagnetic forces. For example, James Clerk Maxwell made a number of groundbreaking discoveries involving electricity and magnetism.

Maxwell strongly believed in the ether, and he developed the famous Maxwell equations based on that understanding. Scientists and engineers still rely on his equations today, although they’ve had to modify them to allow for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics.

Ken Wheeler’s attraction to the leading field theorists of this period is stronger than the world’s most powerful magnet. He constantly invokes the names of Faraday, Maxwell, Heaviside, Steinmetz, and Tesla, often referring to them as “gods.”

These scientists and their peers wanted to confirm the ether’s existence and find out more about its characteristics. From April to July 1887, two of them, Albert A. Michelson and Edward W. Morley, conducted an experiment to try to detect the luminiferous ether.

Michelson and Morley – There Should Be an Ether Wind

At the time, scientists believed that the Earth moved relative to, or through, the ether. This meant that there should be some sort of ether wind, similar to air resistance as the Earth passed through the ether.

To try to detect the ether wind, Michelson and Morley built a device called an interferometer. It had a set of mirrors and two perpendicular arms  with overall lengths 11 metres long.

The device directed light down each arm. They hoped to show that the light travelling in the same direction as the Earth through the ether went faster than light going perpendicular to that motion.

“The Most Famous Failed Experiment in History”

Their experiment has been called “the most famous failed experiment in history.” Michelson and Morley found that light travelled at a the same speed no matter what direction the interferometer went.

Despite attempts to salvage the notion of the ether, such as so-called “ether dragging” by the Earth as it revolved around the Sun, the Michelson-Morley experiment unintentionally proved the ether doesn’t exist. This has now been formally confirmed 33 times by experiments using increasingly sophisticated tools and techniques.

Ken Wheeler doesn’t seem to grasp, or refuses to accept that, unlike surf or sound, forces like electromagnetism and gravity don’t need a medium through which to travel. Since we know the ether doesn’t exist, we also know that there can’t be any disturbances or perturbations in it.

In his document entitled Fields, the Angry Photographer defines the ether as, “Inertia ‘in’ counterspace. All fields are Aether perturbation modalities. Pure non-Cartesian potential.”

Explaining modalities, Ken Wheeler claims they’re analogous to ice, water and steam being the same substance. Yet, the Angry Photographer never lays out the categories of these ether modalities, nor does he successfully link them to real life phenomena we can observe like light, magnetism, gravity or radiation.

For example, the Theoria Apophasis creator attempts to use his demonstrably false notions about field theory to explain lightning. Science shows that lightning results from convection inside clouds.

The warm water droplets rise and the cold ice crystals descend, causing friction. The friction generates static electricity. The top of the cloud develops a positive charge and the colder bottom of the cloud slowly builds up a negative charge.

Lightning Results From Static Electricity Inside Clouds

When the negative charge becomes strong enough, the cloud releases a current of electricity. Most of the time, the current stays inside the cloud or travels to a nearby cloud.

However, sometimes the current flows between the cloud and the ground and we see a bolt of lightning strike. Depending on their respective charges, the current may flow from the cloud to the ground or from the ground to the cloud, but it always flows vertically.

Ken Wheeler has his own eccentric explanation that he’s derived from the bizarre claims of Electric Universe crank, Eric Dollard. According to the Angry Photographer, lightning is “a lateral desaturation of the impulse current into counter space.”

“Desaturation of Impulse Current Into Counter Space”

Once again we need to sort through the word salad to explain why his claim is incorrect. We’ve all seen, and science shows, that lightning travels vertically through the air between a cloud and the ground, so it’s clearly not lateral.

Air is an electrical insulator, so it can’t become saturated with current. Since there’s no such thing as the ether, we also can’t be observing ether saturation.

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis uses the terms counter space, sub-space, zero-space, and the ether interchangeably. Since none of these phenomena are real, the current can’t be flowing into any of them, including counter space, as the Angry Photographer tries to assert.

Claims that Standard Field Theory is Concept Reification

Despite his own interchangable use of flawed terminology, the Theoria Apophasis creator complains that standard field theory relies on what he calls “concept reification.” By this he means that the conventional definition of field theory confuses concepts with things that are “really real.”

Ken Wheeler has a point here, albeit an insignificant one. The idea of space is a concept, and so is the idea of a region. For that matter, so is the idea of a point within a region that’s subject to a force. Even force itself is a concept. As we know, concepts, models and theories are the building blocks of science, including field theory.

The Angry Photographer fails to grasps that his own idiosyncratic terms – ether, counter space, sub-space, zero-space, perturbation and modality are also merely concepts. Worse, they’re concepts that science has proven to be invalid and demonstrably false.

Uses Concepts that Science Has Proven Demonstrably False

Kentucky Ken’s peculiar conception of field theory wouldn’t be an issue except that he claims to be the world’s foremost authority on the subject. His notion of a field being a disturbance in the ether underpins all of his claims about magnetism, electricity, light and metaphysics.

The Angry Photographer’s so-called “explanations” of these phenomena turn out to be a house of cards. His whole body of work stands or falls on the accuracy of his understanding of field theory.

As we can see, the ether doesn’t exist, so it can’t have perturbations. Further, the Theoria Apophasis host can’t accurately link his purported modalities to real world phenomena or explain a common occurence like lightning.

Wrong About Every Scientific Claim He’s Ever Made

Since Ken Wheeler is wrong about field theory, he’s wrong about every scientific and metaphysical claim he’s ever made. When we pull the Angry Photographer’s field theory block out of his pseudoscientific Jenga stack, his whole body of work suddenly falls to the floor.

Let’s face it, science, metaphysics, and especially field theory aren’t Ken Wheeler’s forte. He should probably focus on another field.

Ken’s Evidence

Field Theory: What is a Field
Field Theory
Magnetic Field Definition
Electric Field Definition
Gravitation Field Definition
Radiation Field Definition