Education – Why Ken’s Wrong

Education triggers a lot of painful emotions for Ken Wheeler. Find out how his own regrettable academic career leads him to the wrong conclusions about public education and home schooling in the United States.

For most of human history, societies viewed formal education as a privilege rather than a right. If your father was the king’s personal physician, like Aristotle, you could go to the Academy and have Plato as your professor.

If you were an everyday pleb, like 99% of the populace, you’d pick up as much as you could from your parents and older siblings and hope for the best. That’s why so many people in the ancient world ended up with the same job as their parents, whether it suited them or not.

Home schooling as the norm back then could be okay with the right parents, but not usually. A good example is a letter one of my own pioneer ancestors sent back to relatives in her native Scotland. She writes, “there is no school here for the children, so we have to learn them ourselves.”

Cultures that Valued Universal Education Early On Excelled

Cultures that valued universal education early on excelled. For example, Scots and Jews were overrepresented among the wealthy, scholarly and successful because even people of modest means received a basic education within their societies.

Universal, compulsory education finally emerged in the United States in the early 20th century. Governments viewed it as essential for two main reasons. America needed an educated electorate for democracy to function, and it needed a skilled workforce to compete with its rivals in international trade.

Public education ensured that teachers were certified and accountable for what they taught. It also established standard curricula that elected school boards could at least try to match to local socioeconomic needs.

Public Education Provides Equality of Opportunity

As we’ve seen, public education also provided equality of opportunity. When everyone gained the same standard body of knowledge in school, priviledged kids like Aristotle no longer had any advantage over others.

Ken Wheeler didn’t get along in school. He tells his viewers that “of all the horrible things that have happened to me in life, public school was easily the worst.”

With characteristic intellectual humility, he explains his unhappy academic career this way. “I had the the gift of wisdom and insight to know these teachers were all fools. I didn’t listen to them, I didn’t obey them. I knew I was smarter than them, and still am, of course”

“Angry/Irritable Mood, Argumentative, Defiant Behavior”

The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition (DSM-5) identifies an interesting childhood condition. It’s called Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). They define it as, “a pattern of angry/irritable mood, argumentative/defiant behavior, or vindictiveness.” Readers can decide for themselves to whom this description might apply.

The Angry Photographer goes on to explain, “You know, I didn’t disrupt the class or anything. There were a few times when I told the teacher ‘you’re a fool, this is just not true.'” The DSM-5 explains that ODD is different from other behavioural issues in that, while children with the disorder are argumentative and insolent, they’re rarely physically aggressive or inclined to lie or steal.

The Angry Photographer declares that public schools teach “filth and nonsense to their kids.” He explains that he has “no love for teachers because most of them can’t teach, they don’t know anything, they don’t care about their job.”

Would Like to See America Return to Home Schooling

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis would like to see America return to the days where home schooling was the norm. The problem with this approach is that home schooling in the 21st century has all the same shortcomings it had in the 19th.

There’s more to being an educator than reading textbooks to your kids or having them watch videos. Teachers use their experience to offer professional guidance to ensure children master the skills they need through tailored homework, lessons, testing and projects.

Most children perform better academically in school than at home because their peers influence them. Social stimulus from other kids boosts their IQ, and a bit of healthy competition motivates them to perform better in a formal classroom than in a family setting.

Classroom Environment More Stimulating for Most Kids

Children find home schooling tedious and being cooped up at home all day makes them restless. Spending all their time inside the home often leads to depression and obesity. A classroom environment is much more stimulating for most kids.

Home schooling involves more screen time than classroom education. In addition to the mental issues this entails, it’s very bad for a child’s eyesight.

Home schooled children don’t interact with peers outside their family. This leads to poor social skills and a less well-rounded personality.

Home Schooled Children Are More Likely to Be Bullied

Home schooled children are more likely to be bullied. They have fewer opportunities to socialize and don’t have school friends to support them. Neighbourhood children outside their own families view them as outsiders.

The main concern though, is that very few parents are equipped to be teachers. They don’t have the training, the time or the resources to take on the role of a professional educator. As a result of all these shortcomings, most home schooled kids aren’t well prepared for college or for the workplace.

Very Few Parents Are Equipped to Be Teachers

Parents who home school often make grave mistakes that harm their children’s development. Academic performance suffers as a result. There’s a very good reason why only about 3% of American families home school their children even though it’s perfectly legal.

Kentucky Ken insists that he’s never heard of a problem child who was home schooled. The truth is that a growing number of home schooled children have grown up to become violent criminals and even mass murderers.

They include Adam Lanza, the school shooter who killed twenty children and six adults at Sandy Hook. Chevie Kehoe and his brother Cheyne, two of America’s most infamous white supremacists, were also home schooled. So was Alaska’s notorious serial killer Israel Keyes who confessed to eight murders and whom police suspect was guilty of several more.

Sandy Hook Shooter, Alaska Serial Killer: Home Schooled

None of this proves that home schooling is a breeding ground for criminals. However, it does strongly refute Kentucky Ken’s claim that home schooled kids never grow up to be problem adults.

Money is one of Ken Wheeler’s perennial preoccupations. In terms of education, he declares “I pay property taxes. I think I pay too much in property taxes and most of my property tax bill goes to these rotten, little, evil, hell-holes that we call the public school system.”

The Angry Photographer has no children. However, if he did, and he chose to home school them, he’d be shelling out thousands of dollars more in personal expenses over and above what he pays in school tax.

Penny Wise and Pound Foolish about Education Tax

These costs include textbooks, materials, field trips and extracurricular activities. As always, the Theoria Apophasis host is being penny wise and pound foolish.

Ken Wheeler also had a regrettable college experience. He describes it as a “total waste.” He claims to have spent “years in college.” The truth is, he spent just two years studying Russian at the University of Kentucky in his hometown of Lexington and didn’t graduate.

He tells his audience that the university’s only worthwhile resource was the library. He reports spending most of his college days in it, rather than doing his assignments or socializing with any of his peers.

“I Spent Enormous Amounts of Time” in the Library

“I spent enormous amounts of time there,” he says, “Quickly finding the really, really good stuff and being self-taught in a superior education.” As part of this process, the Angry Photographer dabbled in the philosophy of Plato.

It’s beyond ironic that someone who identifies as a platonist would also boast about being self-taught. Plato was strongly against learning independently from books.

He believed that books had their place as a pastime for scholars or to leave a legacy as teachers’ lives drew to a close. However, he thought they were no substitute for lectures because, as he put it in his Protagorus dialogue, books “can neither answer nor ask.”

Plato: “Writings Are but a Reminiscence of What We Know”

In his dialogue the Phaedrus, Plato went further, saying “that even the best of writings are but a reminiscence of what we know, and that only in principle of justice and goodness and nobility taught and communicated for the sake of instruction and graven in the soul, which is the true way of writing, is there clearness and perfection and seriousness.”

Plato established the first academic insitution, The Academy, because of his passionate commitment to classroom instruction over self-directed book-learning. There’s an old saying that “every self-taught man had a fool for a teacher.”

The Angry Photographer displays an intense dislike of formally educated people in every video. It seems to derive from the social dysfunction he endured during his own school years.

Many of Us Lived Through Similar Diffriculties

Many of us lived through similar difficulties, especially if we went to school before teachers learned to identify and address learning challenges like ODD and take bullying seriously. The Theoria Apophasis host is entitled to our compassion for his crushing experiences.

Even so, he’s not entitled to resent those who had meaningful and rewarding academic and professional careers merely because he didn’t benefit from the same experience.

Ken’s Evidence
Public Schools are the problem
9 Conspicuous Reasons Why Homeschooling Is Bad for Children
Homeschool Homicide Database

Climate – Why Ken’s Wrong

Climate science is another theme on which Ken Wheeler weighs in from time to time. Find out why his baseless climate denial is something about which we no longer have time to argue.

Climate change is the term scientists use to describe long-term shifts in weather patterns and atmospheric temperatures. Historically, most of these shifts were natural, usually because of changes in the sun’s natural cycles.

That started to change in the early 19th century. With the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, humanity started burning coal.

Before long, we discovered Earth’s vast petroleum reserves and also found ways to use them to fuel our vehicles. Natural gas soon followed as an economical way to generate electricity and heat our buildings.

We Call These Energy Sources Fossil Fuels

We’ve started calling these energy sources fossil fuels. This is partly because they’re the remains of ancient life forms, and partly because humanity needs to move away from them for ecological and economic reasons.

When we burn fossil fuels, we emit gases that trap heat in Earth’s atmosphere, especially carbon dioxide and methane. This raises the average surface temperature across the globe.

This is already causing severe droughts, water shortages, wildfires, rising sea levels, catastrophic floods, melting polar ice caps, disastrous storms and mass extinction. If it continues unabated, the climate crisis will cause massive human health risks, forced displacements, widespread famines and even more severe pandemics.

Scientists Agree Climate Crisis is Caused by Humans

Practically all reputable climate scientists agree with these conclusions. For decades the expert consensus has been that climate change is a crisis caused by human activity.

Ken Wheeler denies all these established scientific facts. In their place he offers his own demonstrably false notions about rising C02 levels and climate change.

The Angry Photographer assures his audience that “Mother Nature loves C02.” Hearkening back to his Grade 6 science lessons, he reminds us that plants absorb carbon dioxide through photosynthesis.

Plants Need Temperature, Moisture More than C02

As any gardener or farmer will tell you, C02 is the least of their worries in getting plants to grow. Light, temperature and moisture are vastly more important to keeping plants healthy than how much carbon dioxide there is in the air.

Rising C02 levels push temperatures above optimal levels in which plants can thrive. Plants adapted to temperate zones can’t survive rapidly rising heat levels in their habitats, which is exactly what carbon emissions cause.

Droughts and fires wipe out massive ranges of plant life. Floods cause widespread erosion, which uproots and devastates plant life in a wide range of ecosystems.

Droughts and Fires Wipe Out Plant Life

The idea that higher C02 levels are good for plants comes from studies conducted in artificial greenhouses. When scientists look at natural environments using free-air C02 enrichment studies, the benefits of rising C02 evaporate.

Another problem with the Theoria Apophasis host’s notion that nature loves C02 is that there’s more than one kind of carbon. Different kinds of plants respond differently to different carbon isotopes.

Some plants may benefit from industrial C02 emissions, but others definitely won’t. Nobody, least of all Kentucky Ken, knows how uncontrolled fossil fuel emissions affect plant life in various habitats worldwide. We do know that excessive heat and droughts devastate plant life on a global scale.

Excessive Heat and Droughts Devastate Plant Life

Ken Wheeler also raises the point that Earth’s C02 levels were “astronomically higher” during the Jurassic period than they are today. He’s basing this claim on obsolete data.

Today’s C02 levels are just over 400 ppm. It’s hard to estimate C02 levels 200 million years ago, but scientists’ best educated guess is that they were about 600 ppm.

That’s not “astronomically higher.” Beyond that, the Angry Photographer shoots himself in the foot with this argument when he goes on to say that temperatures were also higher during the Jurassic.

Correlation Between C02 Levels and Global Warming

These two Jurassic conditions demonstrate a close correlation between C02 levels and global warming. In fact, science tells us that climate and C02 levels have always varied together. They’re both lower during ice ages and they’re both higher during warm periods.

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis also tells us that “the entire planet was lush and super, super green” in prehistoric periods of high atmospheric C02. He doesn’t realize that this was because greenhouse gases in those periods were in balance with carbon levels in the ocean and absorption through the weathering of rocks.

This balance came from extremely gradual adjustment periods that took place over millions of years. On the other hand, when greenhouse gas emissions have risen suddenly, they’ve always caused mass extinctions.

Last Decade Was the Hottest on Record

We’ve increased our artificial C02 emissions at an unprecedented rate. As a result, the last decade was the hottest on record. These rapid changes correlate with rising temperatures, rising sea levels and ocean acidification, just as they always have when C02 levels have spiked in the remote past.

As in so many other areas on which Ken Wheeler expresses contrarian views, he has no formal training, credentials or experience related to climate science, and it shows. The consensus among climate scientists that climate change is real, caused by humans and a crisis is now effectively unanimous.

It’s hard to be certain why Ken Wheeler feels the need to deny this universal scientific consensus. He constantly complains about the price of everything, especially gasoline, so a possible carbon tax may have something to with it.

Resentment Towards Anyone with a Formal Education

The Angry Photographer also displays a hostile resentment towards anyone with a formal education, especially scientists with PhDs. He’s also intensely antagonistic toward peer reviewed science journals, so it may stem from his aversion to science and scientists.

Kentucky Ken’s profound gullibility may also be a factor. Mitch McConnell represents his state in the US Senate. Kentucky is one of only four US states where most residents don’t believe human activity causes climate change. He may simply be a product of his environment.

We No Longer Have Time for this Nonsense

Whatever his reasons, humanity is well beyond the point where climate denial is credible or worth debating. We no longer have time for this nonsense.

So, it’s important that we disregard Ken Wheeler’s climate denial. Mother Nature’s health and future, not to mention our own, depend on it.

Ken’s Evidence:

Nature Loves What Society Shuns
Plants Cannot Live on C02 Alone
Do High Levels of C02 in the Past Contradict the Warming Effect of C02?
Kentucky’s Climate is Changing. Will Its Politics?
Solar Panels – Why Ken’s Wrong

Artificial Intelligence – Why Ken’s Wrong

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a hot topic as our gadgets do more and more of our thinking for us. Find out why Ken Wheeler’s take on AI is preposterous speculation that proves nothing but his own lack of computing expertise.

Artificial intelligence (AI) means intelligence demonstrated by machines. It’s the opposite of natural intelligence which is intelligence displayed by humans and other animals to varying degrees.

It’s important to understand that artificial intelligence doesn’t mean machines that can reproduce things the human mind can do, like learning or solving problems.

Instead, it means the study and design of intelligent agents. That includes any kind of system that can perceive the environment around it and respond in ways that deliver an intended result.

Lots of Everyday Technology Uses Artificial Intelligence

So, lots of everyday technology uses artificial intelligence. This includes chess programs, search engines like Google, the algorithms that recommend things to us on social media, voice activated assistants like Siri and Alexa and the radar-enabled cruise control in our cars.

Artificial intelligence isn’t science fiction. It has nothing to do with conscious, self-aware supercomputers like HAL-9000 that might someday run amok and take over the world.

Ken Wheeler has his own idiosyncratic ideas about artificial intelligence. He admits that he has no background in computer science, software development or programming. In fact, he declares that “I would rather do anything in my life other than computer programming.”

“I Don’t Pretend to Be a Computer Programmer”

He goes on to say, “I don’t pretend to be a computer programmer.” Naturally, that doesn’t stop him from declaring himself an authority on the topic.

He claims that sentience and artificial intelligence are impossible using computers. He dismisses supercomputers as “binary machines,” and “nothing other than an ultra-complex calculator moving ones and zeros around.”

For these reasons, he declares that “we’re never going to see artificial intelligence.” He then proceeds to conflate intelligence with consciousness.

Intelligence, Sentience and Consciousness – Separate Ideas

Intelligence, sentience and consciousness are three separate ideas. As he often does with technical terms from fields in which he’s self-taught, the Angry Photographer uses these unrelated words interchangeably and incorrectly.

Intelligence in the AI field, as defined by Merriam Webster, means “the ability to perform computer functions.” Sentience is “feeling or sensation as distinguished from perception or thought.” Consciousness is “the quality or state of being aware especially of something within oneself.”

So it’s obvious that computers can perform the functions for which they’ve been programmed. On the other hand, while computers connected to cameras or microphones have a very limited kind of perception, they’re not sentient.

A Computer is Not Aware of Itself or What It’s Doing

Although a computer’s ability to process information is a rudimentary kind of thought, a computer is not aware of itself or what it’s doing. It has no consciousness.

So, while computers have intelligence, they lack sentience or consciousness. To paraphrase philosopher Thomas Nagel, there’s nothing that it’s like to be a computer, but that doesn’t mean there’s no such thing as artificial intelligence.

The Theoria Apophasis host goes on to insist that consciousness is “the consubstantiality of two things – matter and spirit.” He declares this to be “scientifically undeniable.”

Scientists Deny His “Scientifically Undeniable” Claim

Ken Wheeler doesn’t bother to mention that scientists like Richard Dawkins deny this quite vehemently. Other scientists disagree with Dawkins but it’s preposterous to try to claim that this idea can’t be denied scientifically. Many scientists deny it on a daily basis.

Here once again, he’s conflating two separate ideas. Spirit and consciousness aren’t synonyms any more than sentience and intelligence mean the same thing.

The Angry Photographer then makes one of his trademark leaps of logic. He declares that the only way a “human construct” could replicate consciousness would be by using water.

Logical Fallacies Underlie His Fascination with Water

We explain the many logical fallacies that underlie the Theoria Apophasis host’s fascination with good old H2O under Water – Why Ken’s Wrong. Here, we’ll stick to the main points for the sake of brevity.

Some, but by no means all, antennas are v-shaped. Water molecules are also v-shaped.

Based on that, Ken Wheeler has mysteriously concluded that water is an antenna. The fact that distilled water can’t conduct electromagnetic signals doesn’t seem to curb his enthusiasm for this idea.

Jumps to Conclusion that Water Acts as Spiritual Antenna

The Angry Photographer has jumped to the conclusion that water acts as an antenna connecting our spirits to our physical bodies. Since all life on Earth is water-based, this, in his mind, proves that all living things are animated by spirit via the water molecule. This supposedly works the way a radio is animated by a signal through its antenna.

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis goes on to argue that an inventor could produce artificial consciousness by mixing water and table salt – what doctors call a saline solution. He mentions that there are two other chemicals that would also do the trick although he says he can’t remember what they are.

Presumably Ken Wheeler is referring to the various compounds that dissolve into ions that scientists call electrolytes. These include alkalis, chlorides, sulphides and carbonate compounds. There are far more than three of them, but that’s a separate discussion.

Glass Jar Around the Size of a Human Head With Saltwater

The Angry Photographer describes his proposed device as a glass jar around the size of a human head filled with saltwater, with input and output terminals. A “holographic processor matrix” suspended in the salty water would spontaneously generate “holographic information.”

The reason for this manifestation of consciousness supposedly has to do with the v-shape of water molecules. Kentucky Ken explains that this happens due to “the actual holography of perfect incommensurability that exists in the geometry of the molecule itself.”

That’s quite a mouthful of word salad. Translating it into English, Ken Wheeler is arguing that because a water molecule is the same shape as the rabbit ears on an old-school television set, it’s a kind of spiritual aerial through which consciousness would emerge spontaneously.

Says Our Brains Are a Water-Based “Holographic Matrix”

The Angry Photographer explains that our brains are a water-based “holographic matrix.” Somehow his bucket of salty water, or perhaps electrolyte-rich Gatorade, will be able to replicate the hitherto inexplicable phenomenon of the human brain, which scientists have called the most complex object in the known universe.

The Theoria Apophasis host then tells his audience that, “I don’t know of anybody on Earth that is attempting to submerge a processor matrix into a saline water solution.” There’s a reason for that. The entire notion is preposterous.

How is Ken Wheeler wrong about all this? Let me count the ways.

Consciousness and Intelligence Are Two Separate Things

Consciousness and intelligence are two separate things. Artificial intelligence is under no obligation to replicate human consciousness in order to accomplish useful things.

Scientists don’t agree that consciousness emerges from a metaphysical entity called spirit. The Angry Photography offers no evidence supporting the notion that consciousness is equivalent to spirit or vice versa.

The mere fact that a water molecule is shaped like a “v” doesn’t prove that it functions as an antenna. The shape of an antenna is a function of the wavelength of the signal its designers want to capture, and most antennas aren’t v-shaped.

If Device Could Work, Scientists Would Have Build It

If a device as simple as the one the Theoria Apophasis host proposes could work, scientists would have built it decades ago. They haven’t, because it couldn’t. That’s also why Kentucky Ken hasn’t built one himself.

Ken Wheeler tells his followers, “I spend time thinking about a lot of different stuff. Stuff that a lot of people don’t think about.” As we can see, some additional intelligence, whether natural or artificial, would probably help him with these thought processes.

Better yet, instead of trying to teach himself artificial intelligence, the Angry Photographer would be better advised to discuss the topic with legitimate experts in the field. Unfortunately, that’s unlikely to happen since Kentucky Ken would have to concede that someone knew more about a subject than he does.

Ken’s Evidence

Real Artificial Intelligence premise How To
Artificial Intelligence
Water – Why Ken’s Wrong
What Is Consciousness?

Trudeau – Why Ken’s Wrong

Justine Castro” is Ken Wheeler’s new nickname for Canada’s prime minister. Find out why this nickname comes from rumours that are inaccurate as well as logistically and biologically impossible.

Pierre Elliot Trudeau was probably the most charismatic prime minister that Canada ever had. Mind you, he hasn’t had much competition.

Canadians of a certain age vividly remember how he captured the country’s imagination in 1968 – a phenomenon called Trudeaumania. One of the most captivating events of those years was the 52-year-old bachelor’s marriage to 23-year-old Vancouver socialite, Margaret Sinclair.

The couple married secretly on March 4, 1971. They took a one-week honeymoon at the Whistler ski resort and then headed to Ottawa on March 8.

Justin Trudeau Was Born on December 25, 1971

Margaret moved into the official Prime Minister’s Residence at 24 Sussex Drive immediately after the honeymoon. Their first son, Justin Trudeau was born on December 25, 1971 – Christmas Day. This was a major media event across Canada that charmed the whole country.

This means that the couple conceived Justin sometime between March 16 and April 22, 1971. Why this matters will become clear in a moment.

Ken Wheeler has been commenting in support of the anti-vaccine protests in Canada recently. During those videos, he has taken to referring to Canada’s prime minister as “Justine Castro.”

Childish Feminization of Prime Minister’s First Name

Presumably, Kentucky Ken intends this childish feminization of the Prime Minister’s first name to imply that he’s not manly enough. He may have come across a bizarre rumour on the dark web that Justin Trudeau is transgendered.

As we’ve seen, Justin Trudeau’s birth was a nationwide news event. It would have been impossible for his parents to hide his gender in those circumstances.

As the first son of Canada’s prime minister, Justin Trudeau grew up in the media spotlight. He has clearly identified as male from the day of his birth.

Clearly Identified as Male From the Day of His Birth

Throughout his adult life, Justin Trudeau has been recognized as a tall, handsome man. He inherited his fine features and luxuriant dark, wavy hair, but not his gender, from his glamourous mother.

The Angry Photographer may have other reasons for his childish “Justine” moniker. If so, apparently he’s unaware that Justin Trudeau is an expert amateur boxer and has a black belt in judo.

Canada’s head of government is also an avid outdoorsman. He’s an experienced canoeist, rock climber, and snowboarder.

Devoted Family Man Who Has Fathered Three Children

Justin Trudeau is also a devoted family man who has fathered three children. That’s not biologically possible for a trans man. He’s been happily married to Sophie Gregoire for seventeen years.

So, one really has to wonder where Ken Wheeler gets the idea that Justin Trudeau is effeminate, warranting the Justine Castro moniker. Certainly, nothing in his personal life suggests that.

Now, let’s talk about the “Castro” part. This appears to be an allusion to other bizarre rumours that Justin Trudeau is the biological son of Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. The main reason this urban legend is preposterous is that Justin Trudeau was born in 1971, while his mother met Fidel Castro for the first time in 1976.

Born in 1971, Mother Met Castro for the First Time in 1976

One might think that this timeline alone would put this urban legend to rest. Beyond that, the 1976 encounter was an official visit between her husband and the Cuban leader. She merely accompanied the Canadian prime minister, and there’s no evidence of any personal friendship between Margaret Trudeau and Castro.

However, rumours are stubborn things. Conspiracists now maintain that Castro impregnated Margaret Trudeau during the Trudeaus’ Caribbean trip in April 1971.

The Trudeaus visited Barbados, Tobago, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad. They didn’t visit Cuba, which is where Castro remained throughout this period.

Impossible for Justin Trudeau to be Child of Fidel Castro

So, despite the label Justine Castro, it’s both logistically and biologically impossible for Justin Trudeau to be the illegitimate child of Fidel Castro. Grasping at straws, conspiracists have pointed out that Justin Trudeau doesn’t look like Pierre Trudeau.

The problem with that argument is that, as mentioned above, Justin Trudeau is the spitting image of his stunning mother. He doesn’t look much like Fidel Castro either.

So, as always, Ken Wheeler is completely misinformed on this point. He may realize that the rumours are baseless, which could be why he only alludes to them by using the puerile Justine Castro nickname.

Epic Gullibility – Demonstrably False Notion

It’s equally possible that the Theoria Apophasis host’s epic gullibility has made him fall for two more demonstrably false notions. In either case, as always, he doesn’t have the first clue what he’s talking about.

One also has to ask how these rumours would be relevant to current events, even if they were true. They’re not.

Ken’s Sources:
CANADA! What the heck! NUTS!
Is Justin Trudeau Fidel Castro’s Love Child?
PM Pierre Trudeau marries Margaret Sinclair

Magic – Why Ken’s Wrong

Ken Wheeler tells us that focusing our attention on icons and talismans magically attracts evil spirits. Find out why science debunks this notion and why it would take a lot more than magic to make it stick.

In his classic work, Man and His Symbols, Carl Jung writes, “Man uses the spoken or written word to express the meaning of what he wants to convey. His language is full of symbols, but also often employs signs or images that are not strictly descriptive.”

Jung defines a symbol as a familiar word, name, or picture that also “possesses specific connotations in addition to its conventional or obvious meaning.” There’s something hidden, vague or unexplained about our symbols.

There are countless abstract concepts that come to our minds, and we use symbols to express them. Symbols are also a convenient shorthand (the fancy word is hermeneutic) that allow us to express an elaborate idea with just a phrase or a picture.

Symbols Are Central to Human Culture

Symbols are central to human culture. They play a crucial role in our progress as a species, and without them we’d probably still be living in the Stone Age.

None of this sits well with Ken Wheeler. He looks upon symbols as “talismans” and “icons,” and views them as part of “the genuine magic of true metaphysics.”

The Angry Photographer clings to an odd double standard. He rejects and ridicules what he calls “woo-woo and whackadoodle nonsense” like crystals, Bigfoot, and unicorns, while promoting his beliefs in ghosts, the ether, dowsing, and other paranormal phenomena as “undeniably true.”

Calls Icon and Talisman Effect “Magic by Any Definition”

According to the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis, icons and talismans can “bend the will of millions of people.” He argues that this supposed effect is “magic by any definition.”

For example, Ken Wheeler believes in Ouija boards. He’s quick to clarify that he doesn’t believe the board or the planchette (pointing device) possess intrinsic magical powers.

Instead, the Angry Photographer argues that the Ouija board is a type of talisman. By providing us with a point of focus, it can evoke evil spirits and wreak havoc.

Says Ouija Boards Invoke Evil Spirits and Wreak Havoc

As evidence, the Theoria Apophasis host tells a story about a house in Missouri in which, according to him, a boy with a Ouija board created a “portal to disembodied beings.” The Angry Photographer says that the house, which he claims inspired the movie The Exorcist, was inundated with evil spirits and remains haunted to this very day.

As always, Ken Wheeler doesn’t have his facts straight. The urban legend to which he’s referring supposedly took place in Cottage City, Maryland, near Washington, D.C., and not in Missouri.

Although the troubled boy spent some time in St. Louis, Missouri, mainly for treatment at St. Louis University, nobody claims anything supernatural took place in the house where he stayed in that city. All the relevant incidents took place in Maryland or at the university.

Homeowners Had No “Encounters with the Supernatural”

As for that Maryland house, a couple purchased it recently for a bargain price due to its reputation among gullible people. Speaking to The Washingtonian, they report absolutely no “encounters with the supernatural,” and they view the story behind their home with humour. It’s not “haunted to this day” as Ken Wheeler insists.

So much for Ouija boards. The Angry Photographer also leads us all the way back to ancient Egypt to try to make his point about iconography.

According to the Theoria Apophasis creator, Egyptian hieroglyphs represent the “metaphysical iconography of the priest class” in that culture. He insists that everyday Egyptians didn’t use the hieroglyphic language.

Insists Everyday Egyptians Didn’t Use Hieroglyphs

Since virtually no one other than professional scribes could write in the ancient world, we’d have to concede that ordinary Egyptians didn’t write with hieroglyphs. Being illiterate, they didn’t write at all.

As always, Ken Wheeler is wrong about Egyptian hieroglyphs. These characters expressed the common language of the Egyptian people.

Some hieroglyphic characters are simple pictures of the object they represent. Others represent sounds, exactly like the letters of our alphabet, and a third type of character clarifies the meaning of the character beside it.

Hieroglyphs Were Written Language of Business in Egypt

Egyptian hieroglyphs were the de facto written language of business in Ancient Egypt. They weren’t some esoteric mystery language depicting talismanic symbols worshipped by religious priests and clerics.

The Angry Photographer seems to have picked up this mistaken belief by reading neoplatonists from the Middle Ages. They were under the mistaken impression that Egyptian hieroglyphs were artistic representations of esoteric ideas, but the discovery of the Rosetta Stone falsified this hypothesis.

The Theoria Apophasis host also points to Nazi iconography as evidence for his notion of metaphysical magic. In particular, he mentions that the swastika is a “Buddhist standard for the solar absolute.”

Nothing Specifically Buddhist About a Swastika

There’s nothing specifically Buddhist about a swastika. The symbol is more than 7,000 years old, and has turned up in the ruins of Troy and in prehistoric Germany.

The same symbol can mean completely different things in different cultural contexts. The swastika is now the ultimate symbol of evil in the modern western world, while Asians still consider it a symbol of good luck. They proudly display it at Diwali, their Festival of Light, for example.

The word “swastika” comes from the Sanskrit “svastika,” which means “well-being.” Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, and Odinists all use this symbol throughout Eurasia. One wonders why Ken Wheeler wants to pin a swastika on the Buddhists, although he bitterly disagrees with them about Buddhist souls.

Claims Swastika is Another Form of Talisman

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis claims that the swastika is another form of talisman. He believes that the swastika became a “point of focus” for Germans in the 1930s, causing the Second World War and the Holocaust. All because people thought a bent cross looked intriguing?

Ken Wheeler takes this simplistic explanation for World War II even further. He makes the death-defying leap of logic that “all wars are spiritual wars.”

Social scientists tell us that wars take place because every nation has a basic need for security, and there is no global institution to ensure it for them. This need for national security manifests itself in many ways.

Causes of War Have Nothing to Do With Spirits or Talismans

Manifestations can include territorial and economic gain, sectarianism, nationalism, revenge, revolution, and pre-emptive war, among others. None of these causes of war have anything to do with spirits, symbols, icons, or talismans. They stem from conflicting national security interests.

Ken Wheeler also believes in water witching or dowsing. That’s the practice of using a forked stick or a pair of L-shaped wires to decide where to dig a well.

In most places where agriculture is practical, there are aquifers underneath virtually any piece of ground you choose. Scientific studies show that dowsers fare no better than random chance at finding these groundwater sources.

Claims Dowsing Rods Magically Help Us Find Water Deposits

The Angry Photographer maintains that, although dowsing rods themselves contain no magic, they’re yet another kind of talisman. Water witchers use them as a point of focus, magically enabling them to sense subsurface water deposits.

This “magic” offers no advantage over simply guessing. So, the simplest explanation that covers all the facts is there’s no magic involved in the dowsing process, just blind luck.

The Theoria Apophasis host even goes so far as to claim that Christian iconography is subject to the same magical effect. He cites 2 Corinthians 4:4, and Colossians 1:15 as proof.

As Always, Ken Wheeler is Misinterpreting Scripture

As always, Ken Wheeler is misinterpreting scripture. These two passages simply refer to Jesus as the image of God. Paul and other early Christians shunned magicians and followed the Second Commandment’s prohibition against creating graven images, such as talismans.

Yet, there’s something even more peculiar about the Angry Photographer’s aversion to talismans. He goes on to single out corporate trademarks as examples of icons, suggesting that they too attract evil spirits.

He asserts, incorrectly, that sewing machine manufacturer the Singer Company went bankrupt at some point and that a Chinese company spent a fortune to buy their iconic brand. The truth is that the Singer Company Limited remains an American-owned, going concern based just outside Nashville in La Vergne, Tennessee.

Calls Corporate Trademarks Evil, Has Nikon Tattoo

Kentucky Ken’s aversion to corporate trademarks is odd given that he has a Nikon logo tattoo. Has this iconic trademark overpowered him, causing his hostile and irrational reviews of photography gear?

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, (DSM-5) provides a more likely explanation. DSM-5 defines “magical thinking” as “The erroneous belief that one’s thoughts, words, or actions will cause or prevent a specific outcome in some way that defies commonly understood laws of cause and effect.”

Psychiatrists tell us that magical thinking is a common feature of delusions, including those resulting from “Delusional Disorder, Grandiose Type.” As noted under Who’s Ken Wheeler?, this diagnosis “applies when the central theme of the delusion is the conviction of having some great (but unrecognized) talent or insight or having made some important discovery.”

DSM-5 Provides Psychiatric Explanation of Magical Thinking

Believing that one has gifted insight into how icons and talismans connect us with the spirit world seems consistent with this guideline. The fact that delusions of grandeur often have a form of religious content seems like a clincher.

There’s nothing magical or diabolical about our use of symbols. They’re simply the way we express meaning to one another.

Focusing on a Symbol Doesn’t Attract Evil Spirits

Focusing on a symbol doesn’t attract evil spirits or lead us down the wrong path. Without our symbols, our civilization would collapse.

It’s going to take a lot more than magic for Ken Wheeler to make any of these unsubstantiated claims stick.

Ken’s Evidence

Metaphysics of Ikons and Talismans
Honey, We Bought the Exorcist House!
Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs
Dowsing: The Pseudoscience of Water Witching
The Origin of the Swastika
Singer Company Limited
Magical Thinking: Causes Functions and Examples

Ghosts – Why Ken’s Wrong

“Disembodied spirits” are part of Ken Wheeler’s metaphysical mythology on the immortal soul. Find out why his efforts to convince viewers to believe in spooks don’t have a ghost of a chance.

People have believed in ghosts since time immemorial. Intuitively, we all seem to feel as if we have a dual nature.

We clearly have a physical body, but we sense that the part of us that thinks and perceives is separate from that. As a result, we’re inclined to speculate that we have a spirit, or soul.

Philosophers call this view “dualism.” Most of us have the impression that we are, as the band The Police and Arthur Koestler put it, “ghosts in the machine,” or “spirits in the material world.”

“Ghosts in the Machine” or “Spirits in the Material World”

It’s not an enormous leap of logic to assume that our spirits could roam the earth without our bodies. Why couldn’t a spirit decide to remain on Earth after we die instead of moving on to the Great Beyond?

There are two problems with this view about hauntings. First, most ghost stories entail ghosts doing physically impossible things, and second, as scientific paranormal investigator Benjamin Radford explains, whenever scientists apply the scientific method to look for ghosts, they never find any facts or evidence to confirm reported apparitions.

Unsurprisingly, Ken Wheeler vehemently disputes this view. He not only insists that ghosts must exist, but claims to have seen a ghost and to have felt the chilling effect of specters multiple times.

Claims to Have Seen a Ghost and Felt Its Chilling Effect

The Angry Photographer bases these extraordinary claims largely on the fact that we all have dreams. According to him, since we can see, hear and feel things in our dreams, that proves that our soul can create its own body at will.

As we all know, all of our sensory perceptions take place in our brains. So, it stands to reason that an unconscious brain can produce apparent physical sensations when we dream without creating some sort of ethereal body in which to roam about.

The Theoria Apophasis host gets around these kinds of objections by appealing to metaphysics. He dodges any need to provide a realistic explanation for what he prefers to call “disembodied beings” by declaring that metaphysical entities are by nature not demonstrable.

Says Metaphysical Entities Are Not Demonstrable by Nature

Ken Wheeler also rationalizes his belief in disembodied beings based on an old saw, his “not perfect but nearly perfect” radio analogy. We also debunk the radio analogy in two other ways under Buddhist Souls – Why Ken’s Wrong and Metaphysics – Why Ken’s Wrong.

Here, we’ll examine this radio analogy from another point of view. According to the Angry Photographer, the consubstantial union of our body and soul corresponds to a radio broadcast being the combined result of the signal and the receiver.

He seems to have appropriated the term “consubstantial” from Christian theology. The word comes from the Greek word homoousios, which applies only to Christ and not to everyday people or their ghosts.

“Consubstantial” Applies Only to Christ, Not Everyday People

Leaving that aside, the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis points out that the radio signal carries on even if the radio breaks down. He infers from this that our soul carries on after we die.

The difficulty with this analogy in this context is that without a receiver, the signal is imperceptible to us. There’s no way for us to perceive the broadcast without our receiver.

So, by analogy, since we can’t perceive immaterial, metaphysical things, there’s no way for us to experience a disembodied spirit. By Ken Wheeler’s own logic, they’re not physically demonstrable.

Points to Ghost-Hunting Technology as Undeniable Proof

Ken Wheeler points to the now highly accessible ghost-hunting technology we see on TV as further evidence for the existence of his disembodied spirits. He concedes that some of the people using this equipment are hoaxers, but maintains that, overall, the technology provides undeniable proof that ghosts exist.

Scientists tell us that these results only prove that ghost-hunting technology sometimes captures unexpected noise, images, or signals. Invariably, there are simpler explanations that cover all the facts surrounding these so-called “traces” than disembodied spirits.

The Angry Photographer’s reference to dreams doesn’t miss the mark entirely. There is a connection between the experience of perceiving a ghost and dreaming.

Condition Called Sleep Paralysis Causes Halucinations

There’s a fairly common medical condition called “sleep paralysis.” It happens when our brains mishandle how we fall asleep or wake up.

When we have our most vivid dreams, our bodies become paralyzed to keep us from sleepwalking or kicking our mates. Some of us wake up while we’re still paralyzed.

When this happens, it feels like”dreaming with your eyes open,” neuroscientist Baland Jalal told Science News. This accounts for most cases of hallucinations, including perceiving disembodied spirits.

We Can Have Hallucinations for Other Reasons

As David Smailes et al found in a 2019 study, we can also have hallucinations for other reasons, even without doing drugs. Maybe you’ve felt your phone vibrating when it wasn’t, or heard someone call your name when there was nobody there.

Strictly speaking, these minor misperceptions are also mild forms of hallucinations. We all have them, and we’re all vulnerable to more elaborate figments of the imagination.

Our first instinct when we hallucinate is to trust our senses. So, we tend to impose explanations like ghost stories onto our misperceptions rather than realizing that we’re imagining things.

Intelligent People Are Less Likely to Believe in Ghosts

Andrews and Tyson found in a 2019 study that the more intelligent we are, the less likely we are to believe in paranormal phenomena like ghosts. For example, university students with high grades are less likely to believe in ghosts than their peers. Readers can draw their own conclusions from this data.

Ken Wheeler’s fascination with ghosts stems from his ongoing preoccupation with the reality of his own death. As Tolstoy wrote, “a person who is afraid of death is one who has not lived his life properly and has broken the law of life.”

Being able to perceive ghosts comforts the Angry Photographer because it proves that we have an immortal soul. That comforting belief enables him to reassure himself that he’s not really going to die. As he’s fond of saying, “what makes you think that you are that which dies?”

Says Ghosts Reside in “Dielectric Realm of Counter Space”

To that end, the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis incorporates his pseudoscientific claims into his explanation for disembodied spirits. He explains that ghosts reside in the “dielectric realm of counter space.”

Counter space is a Ken Wheeler jargon phrase. It’s not a scientific or metaphysical term, and it originated with an esoteric fringe philosopher named Rudolf Steiner before essentially dying out due to lack of evidence.

In the mind of the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis, counter space is loosely commingled with the ether. As we explain under Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong, back in 1887, the Michelson Morley experiment proved conclusively that the ether doesn’t exist, which means that neither does counter space as the YouTuber Planarwalk has demonstrated.

Claims Disembodied Spirits Have a “Counter Spatial Anode”

Despite this, Ken Wheeler asserts that his disembodied spirits generate ethereal bodies consisting of a “counter spatial anode” due to “torsional induction.” He seems to have cooked up this conjecture from the fact that the lead acid batteries in his solar arrays have two electrodes – an anode and a cathode.

When the current flows, as the anode warms, so the cathode cools. The Angry Photographer leaves the logical steps between this observation and ghosts giving him the chills to our imaginations. This is another reminder that, as Albert Einstein put it, “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t understand it.”

Amusingly, the Theoria Apophasis creator ridicules ghost chasers who say poltergeists drain their gear’s batteries. Apparently, disembodied spirits have their own circuitry and can’t draw current from nearby devices. If only he recognized the gaping holes in his own odd claims.

Odd Claims Go Beyond Believing He’s Seen a Ghost

Ken Wheeler’s odd claims go beyond believing he’s seen a a ghost. He also claims to have had several near-death experiences. Having engaged in extreme sports like skydiving and cave diving, he reports having come so close to death that his spirit left his body.

As we know from people with brain injuries and dementia, if an experience isn’t encoded in our physical brains, we can’t recall it later. So, the Angry Photographer couldn’t recall any so-called “experience” he may have had while his spirit was detached from his body, just as people are unable to recall supposed “past lives.”

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis also claims to have experienced “remote viewing,” being able to observe something outside one’s field of view or at a great distance. Once again, anything his spirit might have observed while no longer tethered to the body wouldn’t be recorded in his brain, making it impossible to remember.

Can’t Explain How His Odd Claims Differ from Superstition

It’s hilarious that Kentucky Ken mocks belief in vampires, crystals, Bigfoot, and unicorns. He refuses to be called “occult”or “new age,” yet he can’t explain how his own odd, paranormal, lunatic fringe notions make more sense than other superstitions.

Ken Wheeler is entitled to believe anything he likes about his supposed “disembodied spirits.” Yet, that doesn’t give him a license to concoct occult nonsense to rationalize his spectral suppositions.

The Angry Photographer should stick to his story that we can’t prove metaphysical claims with facts. His pseudoscientific bafflegab doesn’t have a ghost of a chance of convincing anybody.

Ken’s Evidence

The Metaphysics of Disembodied Beings
The Science of Ghosts
The Science (and Non-Science) of Ghosts
Metaphysics – Why Ken’s Wrong
Buddhist Souls – Why Ken’s Wrong
Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong
Counterspace Word Salad

Electricity – Why Ken’s Wrong

Electricity has been a challenge for scientists to explain and harness for millennia. Find out how none of that deters Ken Wheeler from inventing his own, completely inaccurate misconception of how electrical charge and current work.

Science defines electricity as a series of physical phenomena related to electric charge and how that charge affects matter. People have experienced electricity from time immemorial.

The ancient Egyptians often came across electric fish in the Nile. People have known that rubbing cat fur and amber together causes static cling since the dawn of civilization.

In fact, the word “electricity” comes from the Greek word ἤλεκτρον or elektron, which means amber. Of course, when most of us think of the word “electron,” we’re thinking of the elementary particle with the same name.

Electric Charge Comes from Subatomic Particles

Electric charge comes from subatomic particles like the electron and the proton. Scientists call the electron charge “negative” and the proton charge “positive,” although that’s just a convention. The important thing is that they’re opposites.

Physicists call the movement of electric charge through matter “electric current.” Current usually consists of electrons, but sometimes it can be a flow of other charged particles.

Electrons can flow through some substances called conductors like copper or gold. They can’t flow through other substances called insulators, like glass. Substances like silicon fall in between conducting and insulating, and we call them semiconductors.

Ken Wheeler Doesn’t Believe Electrons Exist

Ken Wheeler doesn’t like any of these ideas one bit. The reason he gives is that they involve belief in electrons, which he claims don’t exist.

The Angry Photographer insists that electricity is “the ether in a state of dynamic polarization.” According to him, “the motions and strains of the ether give rise to electrification.”

In his document entitled Fields the creator of Theoria Apophasis tells us that “The two components of the electric field are the magnetic & the dielectric. Electricity is a compound cyclic field modality composed of both components of the primordial conjugate fields.”

Electric Charge Produces Electric Fields, Not Polarized Ether

The truth is that electric charge produces electric fields. As we’ve seen, charge is either positive or negative.

When electric charge flows through matter, we call that an electric current. Electric current consists of moving electrons or other charged particles, and it also generates a magnetic field around the conductor.

As explained under Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong, back in 1887, Michelson and Morley found that the ether doesn’t exist. Something that isn’t there can’t become polarized.

“Field Modality of Dielectricity and Magnetism”

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis also claims that electricity is “the consubstantial field modality of dielectricity and magnetism.” By “field modality,” he’s referring to his own idiosyncratic definition of a “field” as an “ether perturbation modality.”

Since the ether doesn’t exist, there’s no way for it to undergo a disturbance or perturbation. By “modality” Ken Wheeler means various forms of the same phenomenon, like ice, water and steam but again, something that doesn’t exist also can’t have modalities.

There’s no question that the electricity we depend on comes from the negatively charged, elementary particles we call electrons. J.J. Thomson discovered electrons in the same year as Michelson and Morley’s experiment. He was studying cathode rays – the rays that drive old-school TV picture tubes, for example.

Thompson Discovered Electrons Had Both Charge and Mass

Thomson found that these rays weren’t waves, atoms, or molecules. Instead, they were unique particles, that he called electrons, with both a charge and a mass. This discovery won him the Nobel Prize.

Scientists have confirmed Thomson’s discovery in many ways over the century that’s passed since then. Niels Bohr explained how electrons reside within atoms in 1913, and in 1916, Gilbert Newton Lewis explained how chemical bonds result from atoms sharing electrons.

In 2008, scientists at the Lund University Faculty of Engineering in Sweden captured an electron on film for the first time, as shown in the featured image above. The electron was riding on a light wave after having been pulled away from an atom, confirming the photoelectric effect discovered by Einstein in 1905, for which he too won the Nobel Prize.

Likens Charge Carrying Particles to a “Clown Car”

Ken Wheeler dismisses the concept of a charge carrying particle out of hand. He likens it to a “clown car” because, in his mind, it’s absurd to think of a particle carrying a charge the way a vehicle carries a payload.

As always, the Angry Photographer is wrong. Scientists don’t say that electrons “carry” a charge unless they are speaking loosely.

An electron’s negative charge is an inherent property. Electrons don’t carry cargo the way the Theoria Apophasis host hauls his hoard of gadgets to his cabin. Electrons are negatively charged by definition.

Tries to Refute Electrons Due to Wireless Power Induction

Ken Wheeler tries to refute the existence of electrons by pointing to wireless power induction. This technology has become commonplace for charging electric toothbrushes, smartphones, and watches, as well as for electric stoves.

Wireless power induction takes advantage of electric fields and the fact that a positive plate attracts electrons. Engineers create wireless power induction using coils of wire to generate a magnetic field.

The transmitter, or charger, uses the flow of electrons from an external power source like a wall socket. It combines its electrical field with the magnetic field, producing what scientists call an electromagnetic field.

Magnetic and Electromagnetic Fields Consist of Electrons

All three types of field consist of electrons. The electromagnetic field pushes on other electrons inside the receiving device. The receiving device channels the flow of electrons to an electrical load, such as a battery charger inside it.

So, wireless power induction proves the existence of electrons rather than refuting it. When confronted on this point, the Angry Photographer insists that scientists still can’t explain how wireless power induction works in a vacuum.

If induction couldn’t work in a vaccum, old-fashioned vacuum tubes wouldn’t work, and nobody would have invented any electronic devices. Electrons flow through a vacuum inside the tube from a cathode to a positively charged electrical plate.

Electrons Can Freely Travel Through Vacuums

It’s a proven scientific fact that electrons can freely flow through vacuums as part of electromagnetic fields. Electrical engineers apply this principle every day.

The creator of Theoria Apophasis also appeals to AC power generators to argue that electrons don’t exist. He insists that it’s impossible to “convert water flow into power,” and that “there’s no direct conversion from water, or wind, or hydroelectric, into power.”

As always, Ken Wheeler is wrong. By definition, “an electrical generator converts motive power, such as a river flow, into electrical power for use in an external circuit.”

Electric Generators Convert Motive Power into Electricity

Power stations use a rotating turbine to force a powerful electromagnet in its rotor core to turn on its axis. The rotation drives the the poles of the magnet past stationary, closed loops of conductive wire.

This relative movement between a circuit and the poles of a magnetic field create an alternating electromagnetic field. The electromagnetic field pushes on the electrons in the wire loops, just like in the wireless power induction described above. The wire loops connect to an electrical load, which causes the electrons to flow and, voila, we have an alternating electric current.

So, the Angry Photographer’s objections notwithstanding, electrical generators do indeed convert water flow, or other mechanical energy like wind or steam, via a turbine into electric power. They accomplish this using the negatively charged particles we call electrons, without which the process would be impossible and we’d all be freezing in the dark.

Nothing to Do with Science or Engineering

There’s a reason Ken Wheeler refuses to accept that electric current is the flow of electrons through a conductive material. Unfortunately, it has nothing to do with science or engineering.

The Angry Photographer has latched onto the distinction between two metaphysical schools of thought in the ancient world. He views this distinction through a black and white, good versus evil lens.

The YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis sides with Plato, who was an idealist, against Epicurus, who was a materialist. By sheer coincidence, Plato believed in the ether while Epicurus believed in atoms.

Sides with Platonists Because They Believed in Afterlife

Kentucky Ken is on Team Plato because Plato believed in the afterlife and Epicurus didn’t. His fear of death drives him to demonize any philosophy that denies the existence of an immortal human soul. By Ken Wheeler’s logic, atomists like Epicurus disagreed with Plato, therefore atomists were irredeemably evil and couldn’t be right about anything.

None of this remotely relates to modern science. No competent physicist or electrical engineer denies the existence of electrons in favour of the long discredited notion of the ether.

It’s beyond ironic that, despite his obsession with electronic gadgets and generating his own power off the electrical grid, Ken Wheeler is completely in the dark about the fundamentals of electricity. There’s not a particle of truth to any of his peculiar notions about electric charge and current.

Ken’s Evidence

Electricity and Electrons Explained Logically
Definitions of Nature and Its Phenomena with a Primer on Cosmology and Ontology
Lectures on Electromagnetic Theory
A Brief History of the Development of Classical Electrodynamics
Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong
Solar Panels – Why Ken’s Wrong
Magnetism – Why Ken’s Wrong

Solar Panels – Why Ken’s Wrong

Solar panels are a topic on which Ken Wheeler declares himself to be a connoisseur. Find out why he’s obsessed with solar energy for all the wrong reasons and why his advice would be disastrous for any household naive enough to follow it.

Interest in solar panels is booming these days. A growing number of people are concerned about their carbon footprint, and are considering using solar panels to replace some or all of their electrical consumption from power grids.

Ken Wheeler is oddly fascinated by solar panels. He claims to own fifteen of them, and many of his videos involve tinkering with photovoltaic cells and related electrical gadgets.

Solar panels are the product of Einstein’s discovery of the photoelectric effect. He demonstrated that certain metals emit electricity when light shines on them because light is composed of quantum particles called photons.

Solar Panels Come from Einstein’s Photoelectric Effect

When these photons strike the atoms in these “photovoltaic” metals, the interaction causes electrons to escape. The ingenuity behind solar energy technology involves finding ways to capture these freed electrons and use them to power electrical devices.

We accomplish this using solar panels, which use silicon and other materials known as semiconductors. Scientists call them this because they fall somewhere in between an insulator and highly conductive metals like copper.

Solar panels consist of photovoltaic cells made from semiconductors. The photoelectric effect causes the electrons to flow through the photovoltaic cells to metal contacts made of conductive material.

Electrons Flow Through Photovoltaic Cells

These metal contacts make up the gridlines we can see in a solar panel. They convey the electric current, allowing users to extract energy from the photovoltaic cells and harness it to power appliances.

The Angry Photographer has declared himself a “connoisseur of solar panels.” This is bizarre and ironic for a range of reasons.

The most obvious irony about the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis’ obsession with solar technology is that he denies the existence of both photons and electrons. He insists that Einstein was mistaken about the photoelectric effect, and he calls the Quantum Mechanics behind solar power a “made-up, woo-woo word.”

Calls Quantum Behind Solar “Made-Up Woo-Woo Word”

It must be difficult for Ken Wheeler to endure this cognitive dissonance. He seems infatuated with generating free electricity from the sun, yet he vehemently denies the process by which technology achieves this.

For Ken Wheeler, light and electricity are both ether perturbation modalities. We explain how the Michelson Morley Experiment proves the ether doesn’t exist under Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong.

However, there’s another bizarre aspect of the Angry Photographer’s fascination with collecting free energy from the sun. It’s his attitude toward the climate crisis that’s driving the global green energy boom.

Doesn’t Accept Climate Crisis Is Real and Caused by Humans

The Theoria Apophasis host is a climate denier. He doesn’t accept that climate science has shown that global warming is happening, caused by humans, and a crisis.

Ken Wheeler couldn’t care less about his carbon footprint, because he doesn’t view carbon emissions as a problem. So, once again we have to wonder what his motivation is in embracing renewable energy.

One impulse is the Angry Photographer’s innate tendency to hoard gadgets, including cameras, lenses, light meters, magnets, microphones, Geiger counters, ham radios, water filters, water barrels, knives, firearms, ammunition, sewing machines and other items he doesn’t need. At one point, he was able to purchase a parcel of land with a cabin on it by selling off only half of the gadgets gathering dust around his house.

Solar Cells Fuel Obsession with Impending Disaster

Ken Wheeler’s other rationale for tinkering with solar panels is his obsession with impending disaster. He tells his viewers that he’s been predicting the coming apocryphal collapse of modern civilization for the past twenty years.

We can set aside the fact that two decades have passed without any of the Angry Photographer’s prophecies of doom materializing. In this post, we can just point out that his fascination with solar panels stems from his belief that they’ll enable him to survive off the grid in his post-apocalyptic fantasy world.

The Theoria Apophasis host has made it clear in a number of YouTube videos that he plans to install solar panels at his home and especially at his cabin as part of a disaster preparedness plan. Presumably, he can’t imagine functioning without being surrounded by his cherished digital gadgets.

Uses YouTube Platform to Spread Misinformation

There are a lot of hoarders around the world, and most of them are relatively harmless to others. The difference with Ken Wheeler is that he uses his YouTube platform to spread misinformation about how to apply solar energy in residential settings.

For example, the Angry Photographer recently posted a video in which he endorsed a 3,000 watt power inverter connected to a charge controller and lead acid batteries. This rig was intended to harness the power from the solar array he plans to install at his cabin.

He tells his viewers that he “plans to” use this setup to provide “all the power I need, including a high efficiency refrigerator and a small freezer.” Experts recommend that a typical homeowner plan on using at least 7,500 watts (10,000 watts is more realistic) when planning for their solar energy needs.

Experts Tell Homeowners to Plan for 7,500-10,000 Watts

Yet, the Theoria Apophasis creator implies to his viewers that he’ll be able to function during his anticipated boogaloo on just 3,000 watts of power. He may manage to keep his camera, laptop and cell phone sufficiently charged to carry on posting YouTube videos (assuming YouTube still exists).

He’s not going to be able to power a household using the limited capacity of the solar rig he endorses, and his lead acid batteries won’t be able to store it adequately. Interestingly, he touted his setup in a video prior to having installed and tested it.

It’s worth noting that Kentucky Ken already has a way to supply electricity to his remote, off-the-grid cabin. He keeps a high capacity, gasoline-powered, portable electric generator there, because of course he does.

Gadget Hoarding and Delusions of Impending Disaster

Ken Wheeler’s attraction to green energy would be commendable if it was for the right reasons. Instead, it seems to be motivated by his propensities for gadget hoarding and his delusions of impending disaster.

The Angry Photographer misleads his viewers about the scientific principles on which solar panels work. He also leaves them with an unrealistic impression of the wattage required to power a simple household. As always, he’s just plain wrong.

“Truth Is Like the Sun. It Ain’t Going Away”

There are many much more reliable sources for learning about solar panels on YouTube and on the Internet generally than Theoria Apophasis. Elvis once said, “Truth is like the sun. You can shut it out for a time, but it ain’t going away.” 

Ken Wheeler can make all the “plans” he likes while ignoring the laws of physics. They won’t ignore him. Time will tell.

Ken’s Evidence

Best Home Station Power Inverter
Solar Photovoltaic Technology Basics
How Many Watts Does It Take to Run a Household
Survivalism – Why Ken’s Wrong
Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong
Photography – Why Ken’s Wrong

Golden Ratio – Why Ken’s Wrong

The Golden Ratio is a quirky number about which mathematicians have noticed all kinds of fun facts. Find out why Ken Wheeler takes these random anomalies to extremes to defend his unfounded, bizarre convictions about metaphysics.

Ever since the days of Pythagorus, philosophers and mathematicians have been fascinated by a number called the Golden Ratio, or phi (φ). It plays a role in the dimensions of the regular pentagon, the so-called Golden Rectangle, and some patterns we see in nature like leaf spirals.

Phi (φ) is a ratio with an irrational number and a Greek letter, somewhat like pi (π) and its value is 1.61803…. Whereas π is the ratio between a circle’s circumference and its diameter, φ is a bit trickier to explain. Imagine a line divided into two unequal segments.

The Golden Ratio, φ, is the number where the relationship between the the longer segment and the shorter segment is the same as the relationship between the overall length of the line and the longer segment. Here’s a diagram to clarify.

Only Ratio that Meets These Conditions is Phi (φ)

Or, in terms of algebra, a+b/a = a/b = φ by definition. The ratio that meets these conditions is φ, or 1.618033…

Ken Wheeler has stumbled across φ’s properties in a 4th century book attributed to Iamblicus and translated by Robin Waterfield entitled The Theology of Arithmetic. Without crediting Waterfield, Wheeler decrees that “Phi is the ratio and relationship of the Monad to its increasingly phenomenal self-image in emanation.”

Translating that jargon into English, the Angry Photographer claims that φ is the “divine proportionality” connecting his sacred One with our everyday lives. Waterfield translated this notion from ancient followers of Pythagorus, although today we view these beliefs as naive superstitions.

φ Does Have Some Cool Properties

Admittedly, φ does have some cool properties. For example, Φ2 = 2.618…, which is exactly φ+1. Another fun fact about φ is that 1/ φ = 0.618…, or exactly φ-1.

The superstitious fascination with φ is easier to grasp if we use exponents. Looked at in that way,

Φ-1 = 1/Φ = φ-1
Φ= 1
Φ= Φ
Φ= Φ+1

Anomalous Relationship between φ and 1 Feels Meaningful

This anomalous relationship between φ and 1 feels meaningful and even mystical to many people, especially those who are into concepts like monism, the worship of the number one. Pythagorus, Euclid, and presocratic Ancient Greek mathematicians were aware of the Golden Ratio, but their conclusions about it vary widely.

That doesn’t prevent Ken Wheeler from jumping to his own conclusions. He’s fond of saying that “1 is to φ as φ is to 1.” He then asserts without evidence that there’s a kind of φ hierarchy that goes:
Φ-3 Primordial Agnosis
Φ-2 Psyche/Tou/Pantos
Φ-1 Eidos/Matter/Mimesis
Φ Being
Φ2 Nous/Unity/Indefinite Dyad
Φ3. Totality/Excess/Pan/Pentagram

Although the Angry Photographer claims to have derived this sequence from “the Pythagoreans”, we’ll see below that the historical Pythagorus’ system is quite different and much simpler.

Arithmetic Anomaly Called the Fibonacci Sequence

This fascination with Φ isn’t the Theoria Apophasis producer’s only foray into numerological sophistry. For example, he often expounds on another interesting arithmetic anomaly called the Fibonacci sequence.

The mathematician Fibonacci came up with a numerical sequence where we add two whole numbers together and then the next two and so on. So, for example, starting at the beginning: 0+1=1, 1+1=2, 1+2=3 and 2+3=5…. So, ignoring zero, the first five numbers of the Fibonacci Sequence are 1,1,2,3,5… etc. Ken Wheeler views this interesting mathematical quirk as both ancient and mystical.

According to the Angry Photographer, the first two ones correspond to classical notions of principle and attribute. The 2 and the 3 represent matter and magnitude, while 5 represents ontos or “being.”

No Evidence Pythagorus or Euclid Knew Fibonacci Sequence

The trouble is that Fibonacci first published his observation in 1202 CE. Pythagorus, whom Ken Wheeler claims revered the Fibonacci Sequence, died in 495 BCE, while Euclid died in 270 BCE.

There’s no evidence that Pythagorus or Euclid had ever heard of the Fibonacci Sequence. There’s certainly no proof that the founders of western geometry thought it was important metaphysically.

Even so, there’s another spooky bit of woo we can discuss. If you take each number in the Fibonacci sequence, multiply it by φ and round it off, you get the next number in the sequence.

Pattern Not Due to Any Metaphysical Properties of φ

For example, 3φ ≈ 5, 5φ ≈ 8, etc… Spookier still, the further along we go in the Fibonacci sequence, the closer the ratios get to φ. For example, when we get up to 610φ ≈ 987, the ratio closes to 1.6180327868852, or 99.9% of φ.

Spooky or not, this pattern isn’t due to any supernatural properties of φ. In basic mathematics, any quadratic equation with variables and coefficients like this follows a similar pattern, whether or not it contains the ratio φ.

Later scholars have disproven almost all of the numerology derived from the Golden Ratio as superstition. The Fibonacci sequence and φ are intriguing anomalies, but they don’t mean anything important.

Claims to Have Deduced a Mystical Formula of His Own

Despite all this, Ken Wheeler has mysteriously deduced a mathematical expression of his own that involves the Golden Ratio. His mystical formula is 1/Φ-3

Readers may be forgiven if they haven’t worked with negative exponents since high school and find this expression confusing. That’s what the Angry Photographer is counting on.

The more mathematically inclined will realize that the Angry Photographer’s formula is convoluted and needs to be simplified. 1/Φ-3 is simply Φ3, or 1.618033. x 1.618033 x 1.618033 = 4.23606…another insignificant irrational number.

Claims to Have Derived His Formula from Plato’s Republic

Ken Wheeler claims to have derived his formula from a passage in Plato’s Republic. In the dialog, Socrates and his friend Glaucon are discussing a line divided into unequal segments. However, it’s one of Socrates’ obscure analogies, and they’re talking about the difference between opinion and knowledge, not geometry or metaphysics.

Nevertheless, the Angry Photographer somehow infers that Socrates is asking him to divide the sections a second time based on the Golden Ratio, creating four line segments. From these segments, he arbitrarily creates the sequence Φ, 1, 1, 1/Φ so that if we add these four numbers together, we get 1.618…+ 1 + 1 + 0.618 = 4.236…, his supposedly mystical Φ3, which he again disguises as 1/Φ-3.

The host of Theoria Apophasis goes on to explain “But 1/Φ-3 is not a mere number, rather the expression of the One against itself and manifestation in the most perfect and divine Logos; the proportions of perfection itself as recognized by the immortals. This secret of incommensurability is the deepest arcana of the ancients! Worldly minds cannot penetrate this importance, but wise minds can.”

Irony of Ken Wheeler Denouncing “Occult Nonsense”

Don’t try to make sense of the previous paragraph, it’s another example of Ken Wheeler’s infamous word salad. When he says that “worldly minds” can’t grasp the significance of his point, he’s really saying that he can’t prove his claim.

However, that isn’t the end of the Angry Photographer’s bizarre approach to arithmetic. He goes on to apply his notions to geometry as well.

In his Pythagorus, Plato and the Golden Ratio, the Angry Photographer puts his fascination with φ to work in a kind of autodidact trigonometry. Most of us think of right angled triangles as Pythagorean, but the Theoria Apophasis creator mistakenly refers to an isosceles triangle with angles of 108˚, 36˚, and 36˚ as a Pythagorean triangle.

Mistakenly Calls Isosceles Triangle Pythagorean Triangle

He writes, “There is only one coherent geometric form which encompasses the four sectors of the Divided line analogy of φ, 1, 1, 1/φ, and that is the Pythagorean triangle below. This is the very same proportional representation for Plato’s cave where the φ Beings below are proportional (logos) to the Nous above and the Monad on high. As seen in the figure, the vertical encompasses the visible realm, and the periphery the noetic.”

If the verbal explanation above seems impenetrable, no doubt the diagram he mentions will clarify everything.

Diagram Depicts Triangle With Sides 1, 1 and φ

Then again, maybe not. What we have here is a triangle with proportions 1, 1 and φ. Ken Wheeler has marked the height as 1/φ or 0.618033… which would be freaky if true because his φ, 1, 1, 1/φ sequence from the divided line repeats itself out of nowhere.

However, applying the genuine Pythagorean Theorem of h2 = a2 + b2 or a ruler, we find the height of a triangle with these dimensions equals 0.588, and not the 0.618 (1/φ) the Angry Photographer needs to complete his mystical progression. Once again, he’s fudging the figures to fit his pet theories.

Also, the Theoria Apophasis creator is wrong when he claims “There is only one coherent geometric form which encompasses the four sectors of the Divided line analogy of φ, 1, 1, 1/φ,” Any isosceles triangle has the same characteristics. Here’s one example.

Wrongly Says “Only One Geometric Form” with φ, 1, 1, 1/φ

It’s a different isosceles triangle ABC with two sides of length 1 and a base of length X. The angles are 72˚, 72˚ and 36˚.

If we bisect angle A, we get another line segment AD of length X. Eerily, the isosceles triangle ACD has exactly the same proportions as triangle ABC. The magic of φ strikes again!

Now, we can get even spookier. The ratio of AB to BD is φ, and so is the ratio of BD to CD. Now, AB = 1, BC = 1, and X = 1/φ, = φ -1. So, this triangle has an equal claim to follow Ken Wheeler’s “mystical sequence” φ, 1, 1, 1/φ.

We Can Derive Angry Photographer’s Triangle from This One

We can go from spookier to spookiest by pointing out that AD creates another triangle ABD, which turns out to be the Angry Photographer’s earlier so-called “Pythagorean Triangle” with angles 36˚, 36˚ and 108˚ turned on its side. Not only is there more than “only one coherent geometric form” with these properties, but we can derive the Theoria Apophasis host’s triangle from the others. Mind you, none of this has any practical or symbolic significance whatsoever.

Ken Wheeler goes on to claim that his obscure triangle is the basis for something called the Pythagorean Tetractys. It’s not. Although the Pythagorean Tetractys is often depicted as a triangle, its proportions don’t involve the number φ. 

The Pythagorean Tetractys is simply the sequence 1+2+3+4 = 10. Scholars sometimes drew it like this.

Pythagorean Tectractys is the Sequence 1+2+3+4=10

Each row of dots represents one number in the sequence (1,2,3, 4) and if you count all the dots, there are ten. This, and not Ken Wheeler’s diagram, is a Pythagorean Tetractys.

Since we’re on the topic, Pythagorus used each level in the Tectractys to represent a realm of being. One, the monad, represents the unity or the good.

Two, the dyad, is the realm of the gods, while three, the triad, is the level of the eternal ideas, like Plato’s ideals. Four, the tetrad, is our everyday world. None of this relates to the Angry Photographer’s interpretation of the Tetractys or his hierarchy of the exponential values of φ shown above.

Wrongly Claims Pentagram is “Triangle in Triplicate”

Ken Wheeler’s bizarre notions then leap to yet another level. He claims, wrongly, that a Pythagorean pentagram consists of his “primary triangle composed in triplicate.” It doesn’t.

To draw a pentagram, we begin with an upside down, regular pentagon (one that has five equal sides and five equal angles).

Then we attach five identical triangles, one to each side of the pentagon.

Five Triangles and They’re Not the Same Shape

As readers can see, the five triangles are not the same obtuse isoceles shape as the Angry Photographer’s “coherent geometric form.” They’re acute isoceles triangles, like the second triangle (ABC) above.

If you have the patience to look at a pentagram long enough, you’ll begin to notice that the original forms also combine into larger, obtuse triangles. However, after some study, we can find five obtuse triangles, not the “triplicate” claimed by the Theoria Apophasis host.

Artists Incorporate Golden Ratio in Pentagrams

It’s true that artists incorporate the Golden Ratio into their drawings of the pentagram. Again, it’s hard to describe how they do that with words, so here’s another colour-coded diagram.

The coloured line segments incorporate the Golden Ratio like this:

Red/Green = Green/Blue = Blue/Magenta = φ

Nothing to Do with So-Called “Pythagorean Tetractys”

This is how artists throughout history have applied the Golden Ratio to the pentagram. It has nothing to do with Kentucky Ken’s so-called “Pythagorean Tetractys.”

How do any of the Theoria Apophasis creator’s notions unlock the mysteries of the Universe? Your guess is as good as anyone’s. All of this kind of “sacred geometry” usually falls within the “occult nonsense” Ken Wheeler condemns at his corner book shop.

Although the Angry Photographer is a glaring example, we’re all subject to the same kind of selective perception. If we could objectively examine every one of our beliefs, we’d all find some inconsistencies.

Dismisses “Occult Nonsense” Yet Endorses Numerology

While we denounce some beliefs as foolish superstitions, we may still cling to other, equally naive notions. In the case of the Theoria Apophasis producer, he dismisses such pseudoscience as crystal healing, astrology and the flat earth movement.

Yet, in the same breath, the Angry Photographer will defend his beliefs in such “occult nonsense” as ghosts, demons, UFOs, and, in this case, numerology. The double standard by which he reaches his verdicts on supernatural dogma stems from his fanatical devotion to the discredited notion of perennialism.

In a sense, the Angry Photographer is a victim of an all too common human foible. Even so, he’s so arrogant and fanatical that’s it’s all but impossible to care.

Ken’s Evidence
Pythagorus, Plato, and the Golden Ratio
The Theology of Arithmetic
Misconceptions About the Golden Ratio
What is the Fibonacci Sequence?
The Golden Ratio
Mathematics of Phi: The Golden Number
Metaphysics – Why Ken’s Wrong
Magnetism – Why Ken’s Wrong

Simplicity – Why Ken’s Wrong

Simplicity is almost an object of worship for Ken Wheeler. Find out why his insistence that “Mother Nature is a hippy chick” confuses simplicity with being simplistic.

Simplicity plays a surprisingly significant role in the philosophy of science. As a rule, if we have to choose between two explanations for a phenomenon, scholars agree that the simplest explanation that covers all the facts is the better one.

This is a time-honoured principle dating back at least to Aristotle and probably even earlier. Aristotle famously said, “We may assume the superiority ceteris paribus of the demonstration which derives from fewer postulates or hypotheses.”

Probably the most famous proponent of this dictum was William of Ockham. He argued that, “Entities are not to be multiplied without necessity.” We call this precept Occam’s Razor because it reminds us to cut out any redundant ideas when we work to explain an observation.

“Nature is Pleased with Simplicity” – Newton

More modern philosophers concurred. Isaac Newton believed that, “Nature is pleased with simplicity, and affects not the pomp of superfluous causes.” In general, the simplest explanation is the preferred answer to questions about natural law.

Kentucky Ken pushes hard for this concept. As he puts it, “Mother Nature is a hippy chick with dreadlocks, hairy armpits, a hemp skirt, and muddy feet.”

Borrowing ideas from the ancient philosopher Plotinus and the perennialists, the Angry Photographer subscribes to the principle of oneness, the view that everything in the universe is ultimately a single entity. There may be many emanations from the One, but in essence, they are all mere modalities of one unified cosmos.

Most Philosophers Have Rejected Oneness

Most philosophers have rejected the idea of oneness over the centuries. Aristotle was a pluralist rather then a monist about his famous categories, denying that there is any higher category or unity beyond things like substance, quantity and quality. 

Or, as Bertrand Russell put it, “I share the common-sense belief that there are many separate things; I do not regard the apparent multiplicity of the world as consisting merely in phases and unreal divisions of a single indivisible Reality.”

Russell’s Cambridge colleague G.E. Moore explained that oneness, “is inconsistent with something that appears to be an evident datum of experience, namely, that there is a plurality of things. We shall assume that a plurality of material things exists.”

Right About Simplicity For the Wrong Reasons

So, as on other subjects, the YouTuber behind Theoria Apophasis is right about the simplicity principle, but for the wrong reasons. We should prefer the simplest explanation that covers all the facts, but that isn’t a license to adopt a simplistic, melting-pot worldview of arbitrary unity.

Ken Wheeler’s insistence on oneness leads him to assume without evidence that there is only one force of nature. According to him, gravity, electromagnetism, the strong nuclear force, and the weak nuclear force are all merely modalities of one essential entity – the ether. The YouTuber Planarwalk debunks his ether claims here.

As readers will have realized, this argument contains an ironic paradox. To reconcile what scientists have shown are four distinct forces into one, the Angry Photographer is forced to resort to arguing for the existence of the ether – a disproven, superfluous entity, while demanding simplicity.

Resorts to Superfluous Entity While Demanding Simplicity

As we’ve explained in detail under Field Theory – Why Ken’s Wrong, Michelson and Morley found that the luminiferous ether does not exist in 1887. This has been confirmed dozens of times up to the present day by other scientists using more sophisticated instruments and methods.

So, in the name of simplicity, the creator of Theoria Apophasis insists on adding a disproven concept to established scientific models that already provide full explanations of natural forces. How does this align with his infatuation with his simple-minded hippy chick?

One might expect this self-declared virtuoso of facts, logic and wisdom to be at least somewhat troubled by this blatant, fundamental contradiction in his metaphysics. If he is, he never lets on.

“His Mind is Made Up, Don’t Confuse Him with Facts”

On one level, we have to admire Ken Wheeler. It takes hubris to argue for the existence of a disproven and unnecessary entity in the name of simplicity. As the old saying goes, “His mind is made up, don’t confuse him with facts.”

Philosopher Alan Baker explains how Einstein correctly applied the simplicity principle to address Michelson and Morley’s findings. “Einstein’s development of Special Relativity—and its impact on the hypothesis of the existence of the electromagnetic ether—is one of the episodes most often cited (by both philosophers and scientists) as an example of Occam’s Razor in action.

The ether is by hypothesis a fixed medium and reference frame for the propagation of light (and other electromagnetic waves). The Special Theory of Relativity includes the radical postulate that the speed of a light ray through a vacuum is constant relative to an observer no matter what the state of motion of the observer. Given this assumption, the notion of a universal reference frame is incoherent. Hence Special Relativity implies that the ether does not exist.”

“Special Relativity Implies the Ether Does Not Exist”

If the Angry Photographer genuinely valued simple and elegant explanations for natural phenomena, he’d eagerly accept that there’s no such thing as the ether. Like Einstein, he’d take that reality into account and seek explanations that didn’t reify a falsified concept to account for phenomena.

The Theoria Apophasis producer expresses a particular disdain for Einstein. He rejects the Theory of Relativity, not to mention Quantum Mechanics, as unduly complex, counterintuitive and illogical.

Unlike Ken Wheeler, Einstein properly embraced the principle of simplicity. As he put it, “The grand aim of all science is to cover the greatest possible number of empirical facts by logical deductions from the smallest possible number of hypotheses or axioms.”

Evades Equations “Mother Nature Doesn’t Use a Calculator”

The genius of Einstein was to explain space, time, matter and gravity in just ten equations. The Angry Photographer dismisses Einstein as a “woolly-haired crackpot” while evading questions about Einstein’s Field Equations with the phrase “Mother Nature doesn’t use a calculator.”

It appears that the Theoria Apophasis creator is reluctant to critique the Field Equations because he doesn’t understand them. Even so, he feels qualified to dismiss them out of hand as “ludicrous.”

Refutes His Own Argument by Adding Superfluous Concepts

The Angry Photographer refutes his own argument by adding superfluous concepts such as the ether, the dielectric and counter space to established scientific models. He does this solely to rationalize his obsession with oneness, which he has derived from motivated reasoning rather than his cherished facts, logic and wisdom.

Ken Wheeler hasn’t learned to distinguish between simplicity and being simplistic. Only a simpleton could peddle such convoluted notions as explanations for the world around us while spouting “simplicity is divinity.” And yet, he persists.

Ken’s Evidence
Mother Nature’s Primer – Simplicity is Divinity
Metaphysics – Why Ken’s Wrong
Magnetism – Why Ken’s Wrong
Gravity – Why Ken’s Wrong